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PART XI
WINDING UP
PRELIMINARY

297. Modes of winding up.-- (1) The winding up of a company may be either--
(i) by the Court; or
(ii) voluntary, or
(iii) subject to the supervision of the Court.

(2) Save as otherwise expressly provided, the provisions of this Ordinance with respect to winding up shall apply to the winding up of a company in any of the modes specified in subsection (1).

CONTRIBUTORIES

298. Liability as contributories of present and past members.-- (1) In the event of a company being wound up, every present and past member shall, subject to the provisions of section 299, be liable to contribute to the assets of the company to an amount sufficient for payment of its debts and liabilities and the costs, charges and expenses of the winding up, and for the adjustment of the rights of the contributories among themselves, with the qualifications following, that is to say-

(2) In the winding up of a company limited by guarantee which has a share capital, every member of the company shall be liable, in addition to the amount undertaken to be contributed by him to the assets of the company in on any shares held by him, as if the company were a company limited by shares--
(i) a past member shall not be liable to contribute if he has ceased to be a member for one year or upwards before the commencement of the winding up;
(ii) a past member shall not be liable to contribute in respect of any debt or liability of the company contracted after he ceased to be a member;
(iii) a past member shall not be liable to contribute unless it appears to the Court that the present members are unable to satisfy the contributions required to be made by them n pursuance of this Ordinance;
(iv) in the case of a company limited by shares, no contribution shall be required from any past or present member exceeding the amount, if any, unpaid on the shares in respect of which he is liable as such member;
(v) in the case of a company limited by guarantee, no contribution shall, subject to the provisions of subsection (2), be required from any past or present member exceeding the amount undertaken to be contributed by him to the assets of the company in the event of its being wound up;
(vi) nothing in this Ordinance shall invalidate any provision contained in any policy of insurance or other contract whereby the liability of individual numbers on the policy or contract is restricted, or whereby the funds of the company are alone made liable in respect of the policy or contract; and
(vii) a sum due to any past or present member of a company in his character as such, by way of dividends, profits or otherwise, shall not be deemed to be a debt of the company payable to that member in a case of competition between himself and any other creditor not being a member of the company, but any such sum may be taken into account for the purpose of the final adjustments of the rights of the contributories among themselves.

(2) In the winding up of a company limited by guarantee which has a share capital, every member of the company shall be liable, in addition to the amount undertaken to be contributed by him to the assets of the company in on any shares held by him, as if the company were a company limited by shares.

299. Liability of directors whose liability is unlimited.--
In the winding up of a limited company any director, whether past or present, whose liability is, in pursuance of this Ordinance, unlimited, shall, in addition to his liability, if any, to contribute as an ordinary member, be liable to make a further contribution as if he were, at the commencement of the winding up, a member of an unlimited company:

Provided that--
(i) a past director shall not be liable to make such further contribution if he has ceased to hold office for a year or upwards before the commencement of the winding up;
(ii) a past director shall not be liable to make such further contribution in respect of any debt or liability of the company contracted after he ceased to hold office;
(iii) subject to the articles, a director shall not be liable to make such further contribution unless the Court deems it necessary to require that contribution in order to satisfy the debts and liabilities of the company, and the costs, charges and expenses of the winding up.

300. Definition of "contributory".-- The term "contributory" means every person liable to contribute to the assets of a company in the event of its being wound up, and includes the holder of any shares which are fully paid-up; and, in all proceedings for determining, and all proceedings prior to the final determination of, the persons who are to be deemed contributories, includes any person alleged to be a contributory.

301. Nature of liability of contributory.-- (1) The liability of contributory shall create a debt accruing due from him at the time when his liability, commenced, but payable at the time specified in calls made on him for enforcing the liability.

(2) No claim founded on the liability of a contributory shall be cognizable by any Court of Small Causes.

302. Contributories in case of death of member.-- (1) If a contributory dies either before or after he has been placed on the list of contributories, his legal representatives shall be liable, in a due course of administration, to contribute to the assets of the company in discharge of his liability, and shall be contributories accordingly.

(2) If the legal representatives make default in paying any money ordered to be paid by them, proceedings may be taken for administering the property of the deceased contributory, and of compelling payment thereout of the money due.

303. Contributory in case of insolvency of member.--
If a contributory is adjudged insolvent either before or after he has been placed on the list of contributories, then--
(a) his assignees in insolvency shall represent him for all the purposes of the winding up, and shall be contributories accordingly, and may be called on to admit to proof against the estate of the insolvent, or otherwise to allow to be paid out of his to be paid out of his assets in due course of law, any money due from the insolvent in respect of his liability to contribute to the assets of the company; and
(b) there may be proved against the estate of the insolvent the estimated value of his liability to future calls as well as calls already made.

304. Contributories in case of winding up of a body corporate which is a member.-- If a body corporate which is a contributory is- ordered to be wound up, either before or after it has been placed on the list of contributories,

(a) the liquidator of the body corporate shall represent it for all proposes of the winding up of the company and shall be a contributory accordingly, and may be called on to admit to proof against the assets of the body corporate, or otherwise to allow to be paid out of its assets in due course of law, any money due from the body corporate in respect of its liability to contribute to the assets of the company; and
(b) there may be proved against the assets of the body corporate the estimated value of its liability to future calls as well as calls already made.

WINDING UP BY COURT
CASES IN WHICH COMPANIES MAY BE WOUND UP BY COURT

305. Circumstances in which company may be wound up by Court.-- A company may be wound up by the Court--
(a) if the company has, by special resolution, resolved that the company be wound up by the Court;
(b) if default is made in delivering the statutory report to the registrar or in holding the statutory meeting or any two consecutive annual general meetings;
(c) if the company does not commence its business within a year from its incorporation, or suspends its business for a whole year;
(d) if the number of members is reduced, in the case of private company, below two or, in the case of any other company, below seven;
(e) if the company is unable to pay its debts;
(f) if the company is--
(i) conceived or brought forth for, or is or has been carrying on, unlawful or fraudulent activities;
(ii) carrying on business not authorised by the memorandum;
(iii) conducting its business in a manner oppressive to any of its members or persons concerned with the formation or promotion of the company or the minority shareholders;
(iv) run and managed by persons who fail to maintain proper and true accounts, or commit fraud, misfeasance or malfeasance in relation to the company; or
(v) rampaged by persons who refuse to act according to the requirements of the memorandum or articles or the provisions of this Ordinance or fail to carry out the directions or decisions of the Court or the registrar or the Authority given in the exercise of powers under this Ordinance;
(g) if, being a listed company, it ceases to be such company, [.]
(h) if the Court is of opinion that it is just and equitable that the company should be wound up. or
(i) if the company ceases to have a member.

Explanation I.--
The promotion or the carrying on of any scheme or business, except the business carried on under the provisions of the Insurance Act, 1938 (IV of 1938), howsoever described, whereby, in return for a deposit or contribution, whether periodically or otherwise, of a sum of money in cash or by means of coupons, certificates, tickets or other documents, payment, at future date or dates of money or grant of property, right or benefit, directly or indirectly, and whether with or without any other right or benefit, determined by chance or lottery or any other like manner, is assured or promised shall be deemed to be an unlawful activity.

Explanation II.-- "Minority, shareholders" means shareholders together holding not less than twenty per cent of the equity share capital of the company.

306. Company when deemed unable to pay its debts.-- (1) A company shall be deemed to be unable to pay its debts--
(a) if a creditor, by assignment or other wise, to whom the company is indebted in a sum exceeding one per cent of its paid-up capital or fifty thousand rupees, whichever is less, than due, has served on the company, by causing the same to be delivered by registered post or otherwise, at its registered office, a demand under his hand requiring the company to pay the sum so due and the company has for thirty days thereafter neglected to pay the sum, or to secure or compound for it to the reasonable satisfaction of the creditor; or

(b) if execution or other process issued on a decree or order of any Court or any other competent authority in favour of a creditor of the company is returned unsatisfied in whole or in part; or

(c) if it is proved to the satisfaction of the Court that the company is unable to pay its debts, and in determining whether a company is unable to pay its debt, the Court shall take into account the contingent and prospective liabilities of the company.

(2) The demand referred to in clause (a) of subsection (1) shall be deemed to have been duly given under the hand of the creditor if it is signed by an agent or legal adviser duly authorised on his behalf, or in the case of a firm if it is signed by such agent or legal adviser or by any member of the firm on behalf of the firm.

TRANSFER OF PROCEEDINGS

307. Transfer of proceedings to other Courts.-- where the High Court makes an order for winding up a company under this Ordinance, it may, if it thinks fit, direct all subsequent proceedings to be had in a Civil Court empowered by the Federal Government under subsection (1) of section 7 or, with the consent of any other High Court, in such High Court or in a Civil Court subordinate thereto; and thereupon, for the purposes of the winding up of the company, such High Court or Civil Court, as the case may be, shall be deemed to be the "Court" within the meaning of this Ordinance and shall have all the powers and jurisdiction of the Court thereunder.

308. Withdrawal and transfer of winding up from one Court to another.-- If, during the progress of a winding up in a Civil Court, it is made to appeal to the High Court that the same could be more conveniently proceeded with in the High Court or in any Civil Court empowered by the Federal Government under subsection (1) of section 7, the High Court may, as the case may require--

(a) withdraw the case and proceed with the winding up itself; or

(b) transfer the case to such Civil Court, and thereafter the winding up shall proceed in such Civil Court.

PETITION FOR WINDING UP

309. Provisions as to applications for winding up.-- An application to the Court for the winding up of a company shall be by petition presented, subject to the provisions of this section, either by the company, or by any creditor or creditors (including any contingent or prospective creditor or creditors), or by any contributory or contributories, or by all or any of the aforesaid parties, together or separately, or by the registrar, or by the Authority or by a person authorised by the Authority in that behalf:

Provided that--
(a) a contributory shall not be entitled to present a petition for winding up a company unless--
(i) either the number of members is reduced, in the case of a private company, below two, or, in the case of any other company, below seven; or
(ii) the shares in respect of which he is a contributory or some of them either were originally allotted to him or have been held by him, and registered in his name, for at least six months during the eighteen months before the commencement of the winding up, or have devolved on him through the death of a former holder;

(b) the registrar shall not be entitled to present a petition for the winding up of a company unless the previous sanction of the Authority has been obtained to the presentation of the petition:
Provided that no such sanction shall be given unless the company has first been afforded an opportunity of making a representation and of being heard;

(c) the Authority or a person authorised by the Authority in that behalf shall not be entitled to present a petition for the winding up of a company unless an investigation into the affairs of the company has revealed that it was formed for any fraudulent or unlawful purpose or that it is carrying on a business not authorised by its memorandum or that its business is being conducted in a manner oppressive to any of its members or persons concerned in the formation of the company or that its management has been guilty of fraud, misfeasance or other misconduct towards the company or towards any of its members; and such petition shall not be presented or authorised to be presented by the Authority unless the company has been afforded an opportunity of making a representation and of being heard;

(d) the Court shall not give a hearing to a petition for winding up a company by a contingent or prospective creditor until such security for costs has been given as the Court thinks reasonable and until a prima facie case for winding up has been established to the satisfaction of the Court;

(e) the Court shall not give a hearing to a petition for winding up a company by the company until the company has furnished with its petition, in the prescribed manner, the particulars of its assets and liabilities and business operations and the suits or proceedings pending against it.

310. Right to present winding up petition where company is being wound up voluntarily or subject to Court’s supervision.-- (1) Where a company is being wound up voluntarily or subject to the supervision of the Court, a petition for its winding up by the Court may be presented by any person authorised to do so under section 309 and subject to the provisions of that section.

(2) The Court shall not make a winding up order on a petition presented to it under sub-section (1) unless it is satisfied that the voluntary winding up or winding up subject to the supervision of the Court cannot be continued with due regard to the interests of the creditors or contributories or both.

COMMENCEMENT OF WINDING UP

311. Commencement of winding up by Court.-- A winding up of a company by the Court shall be deemed to commence at the time of the presentation of the petition for the winding up.

POWERS OF COURT HEARING APPLICATION

312. Hearing of winding up petition by the Court.-- A petition for winding up of a company shall come up for regular hearing, be proceeded with and decided in the manner laid down in section 9.

313. Court may grant injunction.-- The Court may, at any time after presentation of the petition for winding up a company under this Ordinance, and before making an order for its winding up, upon the application of the company itself or of any its creditors or contributories, restrain further proceedings in any suit or proceeding against the company, upon such terms as the Court thinks fit.

314. Powers of Court on hearing petition.-- (1) On hearing a winding up petition the Court may dismiss it with or without costs, or adjourn the hearing conditionally or unconditionally subject to the limitation imposed in section 9 or make any interim order, or any order for winding up the company or any other order that it deems just; but the Court shall not refuse to make a winding up order on the ground only that the assets of the company have been mortgaged to an amount equal to or in excess of those assets, or that the company has no assets.

(2) Where the petition is presented on the ground that it is just and equitable that the company should be wound up, the Court may refuse to make an order of winding up, if it is of opinion that some other remedy is available to the petitioners and that they are acting unreasonably in seeking to have the company wound up instead of pursuing that other remedy.

(3) Where the petition is presented on the ground of default in delivering the statutory report or in holding the statutory meeting or any two consecutive annual general meetings, the Court may, instead of making a winding up order, direct that the statutory report shall be delivered or that a meeting shall be held, and order the costs to be paid by any persons who, in the opinion of the Court, are responsible for the default.

(4) If, on hearing a petition, the Court is of opinion that, although the facts would justify the making of a winding up order, the making of such order would unfairly prejudice the members or the creditors, the Court may, instead of making an order for winding up the company, make such order as it thinks fit in the circumstances for regulations the conduct of the affairs of the company and bringing to an end the matters complained of, including an order for a change in the management of the company.

(5) Where the Court makes an order for the winding up of a company, it shall forthwith cause intimation thereof to be sent to the official liquidator appointed by it and to the registrar.

315. Copy of winding up order to be filed with registrar.-- (1) Within fifteen days from the date of the making of the winding up order, the petitioner in the winding up proceedings and the company shall file a certified copy of the order with the registrar.

(2) If default is made in complying with the foregoing provision, the petitioner or, as the case may require, the company, and every. officer of the company who is in default, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees for each day during which the default continues.

(3) On the filing of a certified copy of a winding up order, the registrar shall forthwith make a minute thereof in his books relating to the company, and shall simultaneously notify in the official Gazette that such an order has been made.

(4) Such order shall be deemed to be notice of discharge to the servants of the company, except when the business of the company is continued.

316. Suits stayed on winding up order.-- (1) When a winding up order has been made or a provisional managers has been appointed, no suit or other legal proceeding shall be proceeded with or commenced against the company except by leave of the Court, and subject to such terms as the Court may impose.

(2) The Court which is winding up the company shall, notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, have jurisdiction to entertain, or dispose of, any suit or proceeding by or against the company.

(3) Any suit or proceeding by or against the company which is pending in any Court other than that in which the winding up of the company is proceeding may, notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, be transferred to and disposed of by the Court.

317. Court may require expeditious disposal of suits, etc.-- (l) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law--
(a) if any suit or proceedings, including an appeal, by or against the company which is allowed to be proceeded with in any Court other than the Court in which winding up of the company is proceeding, the Court may issue directions to that other Court if that court is subordinate to it and, in any other case, make a request to that other Court for expeditious disposal of the pending suit or proceeding by or against the company; and

(b) if any proceedings, including proceedings for assessment or recovery of any tax, duty or levies or appeal or review petition against any order is pending or is likely to be instituted, before any officer, tribunal, authority or other body, the Court may issue directions to that officer, tribunal, authority or other body for expeditious action and disposal of the said proceedings.

(2) Upon issue of a direction or making of a request as aforesaid, the Court, officer, tribunal, authority or body to whom the same is addressed shall, notwithstanding anything contained in any other law proceed to dispose of the said suit or other proceedings expeditiously by according it special priority and adopting such measures as may be necessary in this behalf, and shall inform the Court issuing the direction or making the request of the action taken.

318. Effect of winding up order.-- An order for winding up a company shall operate in favour of all the creditors and of all the contributories of the company as if made on the joint petition of a creditor and of a contributory.

319. Power of Court to stay winding up, etc.-- (1) The Court may at any time after an order for winding up, on the application of any creditor or contributory or of the registrar or the Authority or a person authorised by it, and on proof to the satisfaction of the Court that all proceedings in relation to the winding up ought to be stayed, withdrawn, cancelled or revoked, make an order accordingly, on such terms and conditions as the Court thinks fit.

(2) On any application under subsection (1), the Court may, before making an order, require the official liquidator to furnish to the Court a report with respect to any facts or matters which are in his opinion relevant to the application.

(3) A copy of every order made under subsection (1) shall forthwith be forwarded by the Court to the registrar, who shall make a minute of the order in his books relating to the company.

320. Court to have regard to wishes of creditors or contributories.-- The Court shall, as to all matters relating to a winding up, have regard to the wishes of the creditors or contributories as proved to it by any sufficient evidence.

OFFICIAL LIQUIDATORS

321. Appointment of official liquidator.-- (1) For the purposes of this Ordinance, so far as it relates to the winding up of companies by the Court, the Court shall maintain, from amongst persons recommended by the Authority, a panel of persons from whom it shall appoint a provisional manager or official liquidator of a company ordered to be wound up by the Court.

(2) In the order winding up a company the Court shall appoint one or more of the persons on the panel maintained as aforesaid to act as official liquidator of the company and thereupon such person or persons shall, unless, within three days of the communication of the order, he or they informs or inform the Court of his or their inability, to act as such, forthwith start performing the duties and functions of official liquidator in relation to that company and continue to perform such duties and functions till the conclusion of winding up proceedings:

Provided that no person shall be appointed as liquidator of more than three companies at one point of time.

(3) If more persons than one are appointed to the office of official liquidator, the Court shall declare whether any act by this Ordinance required or authorised to be done by the official liquidator is to be done by all or any one or more of such persons.

(4) The Court may determine whether any, and what, security is to be given by any official liquidator on his appointment.

(5) Any vacancy in the office of an official liquidator shall be filled up by the Court by the appointment of another person on the panel referred to in subsection (1).

(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in subsection (1) or subsection (5), the Court may, if it considers it necessary so to do for reasons to be recorded, or on the application of creditors to whom mounts not less than sixty per cent of the issued share capital of the company being wound up are due, after notice to the registrar, appoint a person (other than the official receiver) whose name does not appear on the panel maintained for the purpose, to be the official liquidator.

322. Registration, removal, filling up vacancies, etc., of official liquidator.-- (1) An official liquidator shall not resign or quit his office as official liquidator before conclusion of the winding up proceedings except for reasons of personal disability to the satisfaction of the Court.

Provided that an official liquidator may at any time be removed by the Court for reasons to be recorded

(2) Any vacancy in the office of an official liquidator shall be filled up by the Court by the appointment of another person from the panel maintained under section 321; and, until the person so appointed in his stead takes charge, the outgoing official liquidator shall, unless the Court directs otherwise, continue to act as the official liquidator.

323. Remuneration of official liquidator.-- (1) An official liquidator, not being a salaried officer of Government or of the Court, shall be entitled to such remuneration by way of percentage of the amount realised by him by disposal of assets or otherwise as may be fixed by the Court having regard to the amount and nature of the work actually done and subject to such limits as may be prescribed:

Provided that different percentage rates may be fixed for different types of assets.

(2) In addition to the remuneration payable under subsection (1), the Court may permit payment of a monthly allowance to the official liquidator for meeting the expenses of the winding up for a period not exceeding twelve months from the date of the winding up order.

(3) The remuneration fixed as aforesaid shall not be enhanced subsequently but may be reduced by the Court at any time.

(4) If the official liquidator resigns, is removed from office or otherwise ceases to hold office before conclusion of the winding up proceedings, he shall not be entitled to any remuneration and the remuneration already received by him, if any, shall be refunded by him to the company.

(5) No remuneration shall be payable to an official liquidator who fails to complete the winding up proceedings within the prescribed period.

324. Style of official liquidator.-- An official liquidator shall be described by the style of the official liquidator of the particular company in respect of which he acts, and not by his individual name.

325. Appointment and powers of provisional manager.-- (1) At any time after the presentation of winding up petition and before the making of a winding up order, the Court may appoint a person eligible for appointment as official liquidator under section 321 to be provisional manager.

(2) Before appointing a provisional manager, the Court shall give notice to the company and afford to it a reasonable opportunity to make its representations, if any, unless, for special reasons to be recorded, the Court thinks fit to dispense with such notice.

(3) Where a provisional manager is appointed by the Court, the Court may limit and restrict his powers by the order appointing him or by a subsequent order; but otherwise he shall have the same powers as a liquidator.

(4) Unless the Court directs otherwise the provisional manager shall cease to hold office as provisional manager on the winding up order being made.

326. General provisions as to liquidators.--
(1) The official liquidator shall conduct the proceedings in winding up the company and perform such duties in reference thereto as the Court may impose.

(2) The acts of a liquidator shall be valid, notwithstanding any defect that may afterwards be discovered in his appointment or qualification:

Provided that nothing in this subsection shall be deemed to give validity to acts done by a liquidator after his appointment has been shown to be invalid.

(3) The winding up proceedings shall be completed by the official liquidator within a period of one year from the date of commencement of winding up:

Provided that the Court may, on the application of the official liquidator, grant extension by one month at any one time but the extensions so granted shall not exceed a period of six months in all and shall be allowed only for the reason that any proceedings for or against the company are pending in a Court superior to the Court in which liquidation proceedings are in progress.

(4) If an official liquidator is convicted of misfeasance, or breach of duty or other lapse or default in relation to winding up proceedings of a company, he shall cease to be the official liquidator of the company and shall also became disqualified, for a period of five years from such conviction, from being the liquidator or to hold any other office including that of a director, in any company and if he already holds any such office he shall forthwith be deemed to have ceased to hold such office.

(5) The registrar and the Authority shall take cognizance of any lapse, delay or other irregularity on the part of the official liquidator and may, without prejudice to any other action under the law, report the same to the Court.

327. Receiver not to be appointed of assets with liquidator.-- A receiver shall not be appointed of assets in the hands of a liquidator except by, or with the leave of, the Court.

328. Statement of affairs to be made to official liquidator.-- (1) Where the Court has made a winding up order or appointed an official liquidator or provisional manager, there shall be made out and submitted to the official liquidator or provisional manager a statement as to the affairs of the company in the prescribed form, verified by an affidavit, and containing the following particulars, namely.

(a) the assets of the company, stating separately the cash balance in hand and at the bank, if any, and the negotiable securities, if any, held by the company;

(b) the debts and liabilities of the company;

(c) the names. residences and occupations of the creditors of the company, stating separately the amount of secured debts and unsecured debts, and, in the case of secured debts, particulars of the securities given, their value and the dates when they were given;
(d) the debts due to the company and the names, residences and occupations of the persons from whom they are due and the amount likely to be realised therefrom:

(e) where any property of the company is not in its custody or possession, the place where and the person in whose custody or possession such property is;

(f) full address of the places where the business of the company was conducted during the six months preceding the relevant date and the names and particulars of the persons incharge of the same;

(g) details of any pending suits or proceedings in which the company is a party, and

(h) such other particulars as may be prescribed or as the Court may order or the official liquidator or provisional manager may require in writing, including any information relating to secret reserves and personal assets of directors.

(2) The statement shall be submitted and verified by persons who are at the relevant date the directors and by the persons who are at that date the chief executive and secretary, of the company. or by such of the persons hereafter in this subsection mentioned as the official liquidator or provisional manager, subject to the direction of the Court, may require to submit and verify- the statement, that is to say, persons--

(a) who are or have been directors, chief executives or officers of the company within one year from the relevant date;

(b) who have taken part in the formation of the company at any time within one year before the relevant date;

(c) who are in the employment of the company or have been in the employment of the company within the said year, and are in the opinion of the official liquidator or provisional manager capable of giving the information required;

(d) who are or have been within the said year of officers of, or in the employment of, a company which is, or within the said year was, an officer of the company to which the statement relates.

(3) The statement shall be submitted within twenty-one days from the relevant date, or within such extended time not exceeding forty-five days from that date as the official liquidator or provisional manager or the Court may, for special reasons, appoint.

(4) Any person making, or concurring in making, the statement and affidavit required by this section shall be allowed, and shall be paid by the official liquidator or provisional manager, as the case may be, out of the assets of the company, such costs and expenses incurred in and about the preparation and making of the statement and affidavit as the official liquidator or provisional manager may consider reasonable, subject to an appeal to the Court.

(5) If any person, without reasonable excuse, make default in complying with the requirements of this section, he shall be liable to a fine not exceeding five hundred rupees for every. day during which the default continues.

(6) Without prejudice to the operation of any provisions imposing penalties in-respect of any such default as aforesaid, the Court which makes the winding up order or appoints a provisional manager may take cognizance of an offence under subsection (5) and try the offence itself in accordance with the procedure laid down in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act V of 1898), for the trial of cases by Magistrates and further direct the persons concerned to comply with the provisions of this section within such time as may be specified by it.

(7) Any person stating himself in writing to be a creditor or contributory. of the company shall be entitled, by himself or by his agent, at all reasonable times, on payment of the prescribed fee, to inspect the statement submitted in pursuance of this section, and to a copy thereof or extract therefrom.

(8) Any person untruthfully so stating himself to be a creditor or contributory shall be guilty of an offence under section 182 of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860 (Act XLV of 1860), and shall on the application of the official liquidator or provisional manager, be punishable accordingly.

(9) In this section, the expression "the relevant date" means, in a case where a provisional manager is appointed, the date of his appointment, and, in a case where no such appointment is made, the date of the winding up order.

329. Report by official liquidator.--
(1) In a case where a winding up order is made, the official liquidator shall, as soon as practicable after receipt of the statement to be submitted under section 328 and not later than thirty days, or such further period not exceeding thirty days as the Court may allow, from the date of the winding up order submit a preliminary report to the Court--

(a) as to the amount of capital issued, subscribed, and paid up, and the estimated amount of assets and liabilities, giving separately, under the heading of assets, particulars of,--
(i) cash, bank balances and negotiable securities;
(ii) debts due from contributories;
(iii) debts due to the company and securities, if any, available in respect thereof;
(iv) movable and immovable properties belonging to the company;
(v) unpaid calls; and

(b) if the company has failed, as to the causes of the failure, and whether in his opinion further inquiry is desirable as to any matter relating to the promotion, formation, or failure of the company, or the conduct of its business.

(2) The official liquidator may also, if he thinks fit, make a further report, or further reports, stating the manner in which the company was promoted or formed and whether in his opinion any fraud has been committed by any person in its promotion or formation, or by any director or other officer of the company in relation to the company since its formation, and any other matter which, in his opinion, it is desirable to bring to the notice of the Court.

(3) If the official liquidator states in any such report or further report that in his opinion a fraud has been committed as aforesaid, the Court shall have the further power provided in section 351, 352 and 353.

(4) A certified copy of the reports aforesaid shall also be sent to the registrar simultaneously with their submission to the Court.

330. Custody of company’s property.-- (1) The provisional manager or official liquidator, as the case may be, shall take into his custody or under his control, all the books and papers, property, effects and actionable claims belonging to or to which the company is or appears to be entitled; and all persons who are or have been directors, chief executives, managers, officers, servants, bankers, auditors or agents of the company and who may be having in their knowledge, custody, control or charge, directly or under them any such books or papers, property effects and actionable claims, shall forthwith report and hand over or cause to be handed over possession to the liquidator of all such items and furnish to the liquidator such information and explanations as he may require and any default or failure on their part shall be punishable with imprisonment of either description which may extend to one year and with fine which may extent to ten thousand rupees and the Court may direct the books or papers, property and effects to be delivered to the liquidator in case of default or failure, and in the event of non-compliance with the directive to order the person in default to pay further amount by way of compensation equal to the value of the property as the Court may determine.

(2) For the purpose of enabling the provisional manager or the official liquidator, as the case may be to take into his custody or under his control any property, effects, actionable claims or books of account or other documents to which the company is or appears to be entitled, the provisional manager or the official liquidator, as the case may be, may by writing request the District Magistrate within whose jurisdiction such property, effects, or actionable claims or books of account or other documents may be found to take possession thereof, and the District Magistrate shall thereupon, after such notice as he may think fit to give to any party, take possession of such property, effects, actionable claims, books of account or other documents and deliver possession thereof to the provisional manager or the official liquidator, as the case may be.

(3) For the purpose of securing compliance with the provisions of subsection (2), the District Magistrate may take or cause to be taken such steps, and use or cause to be used such force, as may in his opinion be necessary.

(4) All the property and effects of the company shall be deemed to be in the custody of the Court as from the date of the order for the winding up of the company.

331. Committee of inspection in compulsory winding up.-- (1) When a winding up order has been made by the Court, the liquidator shall within thirty days summon separate meetings of the creditors and contributories of the company for the purpose of determining whether or not an application is to be made to the Court for the appointment of a committee of inspection to act with the liquidator, and who are to be the members of the committee if appointed.

Provided that, where the winding up order has been made on the ground that the company is tumble, to pay its debts, it shall not be necessary for the liquidator to summon a meeting of the contributories.

(2) The Court may make any appointment and order required to give effect to any such determination, and if there is a difference between the determinations of the meetings of the creditors and contributories in respect of the matters aforesaid the Court shall decide the difference and make such order thereon as the Court may think fit.

332. Constitution and proceedings of committee of inspection.-- (1) A committee of inspection appointed under section 331 shall consist of creditors and contributories of the company or persons holding general powers of attorney from creditors or contributories in such proportions as may be agreed on by the meetings of creditors and contributories or as, in case of difference, may be determined by the Court:

Provided that, where a winding up order has been made on the ground that a company is unable to pay its debts, the committee shall consist of creditors or persons holding general powers of attorney from creditors.

(2) The committee shall meet at such times as it may from time to time appoint, and, failing such appointment, at least once a month, and the liquidator or any member of the committee may also call a meeting of the committee as and when he thinks necessary.

(3) The committee may act by a majority of its members present at a meeting but shall not act unless a majority of the members of the committee are present.

(4) A member of the committee may resign by notice in writing signed by him and delivered to the liquidator.

(5) If a member of the committee becomes bankrupt or compounds or arranges with his creditors or is absent from five consecutive meetings of the committee without the leave of those members who together with himself represent the creditors or contributories, as the case may be, his office shall thereupon become vacant.

(6) A member of the committee may be removed by an ordinary resolution at a meeting of creditors, if he represents creditors, or at a meeting of contributories, if he represents contributories, of which seven days notice has been given, stating the object of the meeting.

(7) On a vacancy occurring in the committee the official liquidator shall forthwith summon a meeting of creditors or of contributories, as the case may require, to fill the vacancy, and the meeting may, by resolution, reappoint the same or appoint another creditor or contributory to fill the vacancy:

Provided that, if the official liquidator, having regard to the position in the winding up, is of the opinion that it is unnecessary for the vacancy to be filled, he may apply to the Court and the Court may make an order that the vacancy shall not be filled, or shall not be filled except in such circumstances as may be specified in the order.

(8) The continuing members of the committee, if not less than two, may act notwithstanding any vacancy in the committee.

333. Powers of official liquidator.--
(1) The liquidator in a winding up by the Court shall have power, with the sanction either of the Court or of the committee of inspection--

(a) to institute or defend any suit, action, prosecution or other legal proceeding, civil or criminal, in the name and on behalf of the company;
(b) to carry on the business of the company so far as may be necessary for the beneficial winding up thereof;
(c) to pay any classes of creditors in full;
(d) to make any compromise or arrangement with creditors or persons claiming to be creditors, or having or alleging themselves to have any claim, present or future, certain or contingent, ascertained or sounding only in damages against the company, or whereby the company may be rendered liable;
(e) to compromise all calls and liabilities to calls, debts and liabilities capable of resulting in debts, and all claims, present or future, certain or contingent, ascertained or sounding only in damages, subsisting or supposed to subsist between the company and a contributory or alleged contributory or other debtor or person apprehending liability to the company, and all questions in any way relating to or affecting the assets or the winding up of the company, on such terms as may be agreed, and take any security for the discharge of any such calls, debt, liability or claim and give a complete discharge in respect thereof;
(f) to sell the movable and immovable property and things in action of the company by public auction or private contract, with power to transfer the whole thereof to any person or company or to sell the same in parcels.

(2) Subject to any general or special direction of the Court, or of the committee of inspection, the liquidator in winding up by the Court shall have power--
(a) to do all acts and to execute, in the name and on behalf of the company, all deeds, receipts and other documents, and for that purpose to use, when necessary, the company's seal;
(b) to prove, rank and claim in the bankruptcy, insolvency or sequestration of any contributory for any balance against his estate, and to receive dividends in the bankruptcy, insolvency or sequestration in respect of that balance, as a separate debt due from the bankrupt or insolvent, and ratably with the other separate creditors;
(c) to draw, accept, make and endorse any bill of exchange or promissory note in the name and on behalf of the company, with the same effect with respect to the liability of the company as if the bill or note had been drawn, accepted, made or endorsed by or on behalf of the company in the course of its business;
(d) to raise on the security, of the assets of the company any money requisite;
(e) to take out in his official name letters of administration to any deceased contributory, and to do in his official name any other act necessary, for obtaining payment of any money due from a contributory or his estate which cannot be conveniently done in the name of the company; and in all such cases the money due shall, for the purposes of enabling the liquidator to take out the letters of administration or recover the money, be deemed to be due to the liquidator himself;
(f) to appoint an agent to do any business which the liquidator is unable to do himself; and
(g) to do all such other acts and things. as may be necessary for winding up the affairs of the company and distributing its assets.

(3) The exercise by the liquidator in a winding up by the Court of the powers conferred by this section shall be subject to the control of the Court, and any creditor or contributory or the registrar may apply to the Court with respect to any exercise or proposed exercise of any of the said powers.

334. Discretion of official liquidator.-- The Court may provide by any order that the official liquidator may, where there is no committee of inspection, exercise any of the powers mentioned in paragraph (a) or paragraph (b) of subsection (1) of section 333 without the sanction or intervention of the Court.

335. Provision for assistance to official liquidator.-- The official liquidator may, with the sanction of the committee of inspection or, where there is no committee of inspection, with the sanction of the Court, appoint a person entitled to appear before the Court or such person as may be prescribed to assist him in the performance of his duties:
Provided that, where the official liquidator is an advocate, he shall not appoint his partner unless the latter consents to act without remuneration.

336. Liquidator to keep books containing proceedings of meetings, etc.-- The official liquidator of a company which is being wound up by the Court shall keep, in the manner prescribed, proper books and papers in which he shall cause to be made entries or minutes of proceedings at meetings and of such other matters as may be prescribed, and any creditor or contributory may, subject to the control of the Court, personally or by his agent inspect any such books.

337. Liquidator’s account.--
(1) Every official liquidator shall, at such times as may be prescribed but no less than twice in each year during his tenure of office, present to the Court an account of his receipts and payments and dealings as liquidator, together with such further information as may be prescribed.

(2) The account and information as aforesaid shall be in the prescribed form, shall be made in duplicate, and shall be verified by a declaration in the prescribed form.

(3) The Court shall cause the account and the books and papers of the official liquidator to be audited in such manner as it thinks fit and for the purpose of the audit the liquidator shall furnish the Court with such books and papers and information as the Court may require, and the Court may at any time require the production of and inspect or cause to be inspected any books or papers kept by the liquidator.

(4) When the account and the books and papers have been audited, one copy thereof alongwith the auditor's report shall be filed and kept by the Court, and the other copy alongwith the auditor's report shall be delivered to the registrar for fling; and each copy shall. be open to the inspection of any person on payment of prescribed fee.

(5) The official liquidator shall cause a copy of the account when audited or a summary thereof to be sent by post to every creditor and contributory.

(6) The Federal Government may by notification in the official Gazette, require that the accounts and information referred to in subsection (I) shall be furnished' to an officer to be designated by it for the purpose and that such officer shall cause the accounts to be audited; and, upon the publication of such notification, reference to Court in the preceding provisions of this section shall be construed as reference to such officer.

338. Exercise and control of liquidator’s powers.--
(1) Subject to the provisions of this Ordinance, the official liquidator of a company which is being wound up by the Court shall, in the administration of the assets of the company and in the distribution thereof among its creditors, have regard to any directions that may be given by resolution of the creditors or contributories at any general meeting or by the committee of inspection, and any directions given by the creditors or contributories at any general meeting shall in case of conflict be deemed to override any directions given by the committee of inspection.

(2) The official liquidator may summon general meetings of the creditors or contributories for the purpose of ascertaining their wishes, and it shall be his duty to summon meetings at such times as the, creators or contributories, by resolution, may direct, or whenever requested in writing to do so by one-tenth in value of the creditors or contributories, as the case may be.

(3) The official liquidator may apply to the Court for directions in relation to any particular matter arising in the winding up.

(4) Subject to the provisions of this Ordinance, the official liquidator shall use his own discretion in the administration of the assets of the company and in the distribution thereof among the creditors.

(5) If any person is aggrieved by any act or decision of official liquidator, that person may apply to the Court, and the Court may confirm, reverse or modify the act or decision complained of, and make such order as it thinks just in the circumstances.

POWERS OF COURT

339. Settlement of list of contributories and application of assets.-- (1) A soon as may be after making a winding up order, the Court shall settle a list of contributories, with power to rectify. the register of members in all cases where rectification is required in pursuance of this Ordinance and shall cause the assets of the company to be collected and applied in discharge of its liabilities:

Provided that, where it appears to the Court that it will not be necessary to make calls on or adjust the rights of contributories, the Court may dispense with the settlement of a list of contributories.

(2) In settling the list of contributories, the Court shall distinguish between persons who are contributories in their own right and persons who are contributories as being representatives of, or liable for the debts of, others.

340. Power to require delivery of property.-- Without prejudice to the obligation imposed under any other provisions, the Court may, at any time after making a winding up order, require any contributory for the time being on the list of contributories and any trustee, receiver, banker, agent, officer or employee or past officer or employee or auditor of the company to pay, deliver, convey, surrender or transfer forthwith, or within such time as the Court directs, to the official liquidator any money, property or books and papers including documents in his hands to which the company is prima facie entitled.

341. Power to order payment of debts by contributory.-- (1) The Court may, at any time after making a winding up order, make an order on any contributory for the time being settled on the list of contributories to pay, in manner directed by the order, any money due from him or from the estate of the person whom he represents to the company, exclusive of any money payable by him or the estate by virtue of any call in pursuance of this Ordinance.

(2) The Court in making such an order may--
(a) in the case of an unlimited company, allow to the contributory, by way of set-off, any money due to him or to the estate which he represents from the company on any independent dealing or contract with the company, but not any money due to him as a member of the company in respect of any dividend or profit; and
(b) in the case of a limited company, make to any director whose liability is unlimited or to his estate the like allowance.

(3) In the case of any company, whether limited or unlimited, when all the creditors are paid in full, any money due on any account whatever to a contributory, from the company may be allowed to him by way of set-off against any subsequent call.

342. Power of Court to make calls.-- (1) The Court may; at any time after making a winding up order, and either before or after it has ascertained the sufficiency of the assets of the company, make calls on and order payment thereof by all or any the of the contributories for the time being settled on the list of the contributories to the extent of their liability, for payment of any money which the Court considers necessary, to satisfy., the debts and liabilities of the company, and the costs, charges and expenses of winding up, and for the adjustment of the rights of the contributories among themselves.

(2) In making the call the Court may take into consideration the probability that some of the contributories may partly or wholly fail to pay the call.

343. Power to order payment into bank.-- (1) The Court may order any contributory, purchaser or other person from whom any money is due to the company to pay the same into the account of the official liquidator in a scheduled bank instead of to the official liquidator, and any such order may be enforced in the same manner as if it had directed payment to the official liquidator.

(2) Information about the amount deposited shall be sent by the person paying it to the official liquidator within three days of the date of payment.

344. Regulation of account with Court.--
All moneys, bills, hundis, notes and other securities paid and delivered into the scheduled bank where the official liquidator of the company may have his account, in the event of a company being wound up by the Court, shall be subject in all respects to the orders of the Court.

345. Order on contributory conclusive evidence.-- (1) An order made by the Court on a contributory shall, subject to any right of appeal, be conclusive evidence that the money, if any, thereby appearing to be due or ordered to be paid is due.

(2) All other pertinent matters stated in the order shall be taken to be truly stated as against all persons, and in all proceedings whatsoever.

346. Power to exclude creditors not proving in time.-- The Court may fix a time or times within which creditors are to prove their debts or claims, or to be excluded from the benefit of any distribution made before those debts are proved.

347. Adjustment of rights of contributories.-- The Court shall adjust the rights of the contributories among themselves, and distribute any surplus among the persons entitled thereto.

348. Power to order costs.-- The Court may, in the event of the assets being insufficient to satisfy the liabilities, make an order as to the payment out of the assets of the costs, charges and expenses incurred in the winding up in such order or priority as the Court thinks just.

349. Distribution by official liquidator.-- Subject to any directions given by the Court, the official liquidator shall, within thirty days of the coming into his hands of funds sufficient to distribute among the creditors or contributories after providing for expenses of the winding up or for other preferential payrnents as provided in this Ordinance, distribute in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance:

Provided that such 'portion of the funds as may be required for meeting any claim against the company which may be sub-judice or subject-matter of adjudication or assessment shall not be distributed till the claim is finally settled:

Provided further that any amounts retained as aforesaid shall be invested by the official liquidator in Khas Deposit Certificates and the same shall be deposited by him with the Court and the distribution thereof shall be made by him after the pending claims are settled.

350. Dissolution of company.-- (1) When the affairs of a company have been completely wound up, .or when the Court is of the opinion that the official liquidator cannot proceed with the winding up of the company for want of funds and assets or any other reason whatsoever and it is just and reasonable in the circumstances of the case that an order of dissolution of the company be made, the Court shall make an order that the company be dissolved from the date of the order, and the company shall be dissolved accordingly:

Provided that such dissolution of the company shall not extinguish any right of, or debt due to, the company against or from any person.

(2) A copy of the order shall, within fifteen days of the making thereof, be forwarded by the official liquidator to the registrar, who shall make in his books a minute of the dissolution of the company.

(3) If the official liquidator makes default in complying with the requirements of this section, he shall be liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred rupees for every day during which he is in default.

351. Power to summon persons suspected of having property of company.--
(1) The Court may, at any time after the appointment of a provisional manager or the making of winding up order, summon before it any officer of the company or person known or suspected to have in his possession any property or books or papers of the company, or known or suspected to be indebted to the company, or any person whom the Court deems capable of giving information concerning the promotion, formation, trade, dealings, books of papers, affairs of property of the company.

(2) The Court may examine a person summoned under subsection (1) on oath concerning the matters aforesaid, either by word of mouth or on written interrogatories, and may reduce his answers to writing and require him to sign them.

(3) The Court may require a person summoned under subsection (1) to produce any books and papers in his custody or power relating to the company, but, where he claims any lien on books or papers produced by him, the production shall be without prejudice to that lien, and the Court shall have jurisdiction in the winding up to determine all questions relating to that lien.

(4) If any person so summoned, after being paid or tendered a reasonable sum for his expenses, fails to come before the Court at the time appointed, not having a lawful impediment made known to the Court at the time of its sitting and allowed by it, the Court may cause him to be apprehended and brought before the Court for examination.

(5) If, on his examination, any officer or person so summoned admits that he is indebted to the company, the Court may order him to pay to the provisional manager or, as the case may be, the liquidator, at such time and in such manner as the Court may direct, the amount in which he is indebted, or any part thereof, either in full discharge of the whole amount or not, as the Court thinks fit, with or without costs of the examination.

(6) If, on his examination, any such officer or person admits that he has in his possession any property belonging to the company, the Court may order him to deliver to the provisional manager or, as the case may be, the liquidator, that property or any part thereof, at such time, in such manner and on such terms as the Court may direct.

(7) Orders made under subsections (5) and (6) shall be executed in the same manner as decrees for the payment of money or for the delivery of property under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (Act V of 1908), respectively.

(8) Any person making any payment or delivery in pursuance of an order made under subsection (5) or subsection (6) shall by such payment or deliver be, unless otherwise directed by such order, discharged from all liability whatsoever in respect of such debt or property.

352. Power to order public examination of promoters, directors, etc.-- (1) When an order has been made for winding up a company by the Court, and the official liquidator has made a report to the Court stating that in his opinion a fraud or other actionable irregularity has been committed by any person in the promotion or formation of the company or by any director or other officer of the company in relation to the company since its formation, the Court may, after consideration of the report, direct that such person, director or other officer shall attend before the Court on a day appointed by the Court for that purpose, and be publicly examined as to the promotion or formation or the conduct of the business of the company, or as to his conduct and dealings as director, manager or other officer thereof.

(2) The official liquidator shall take part in the examination, and for that purpose may, if specially authorised by the Court in that behalf, employ such legal assistance as may be sanctioned by the Court.

(3) Any creditor or contributor may also take part in the examination either personally or by any person entitled to appear before the Court.

(4) The Court may put such questions to the person examined as the Court thinks fit.

(5) The person examined shall be examined on oath, and shall answer all such questions as the Court may put or allow to be put to him.

(6) A person ordered to be examined under this section--
(a) shall, before his examination, be furnished at his own cost with a copy of the official liquidator's report; and
(b) may at his own cost employ any person entitled to appear before the Court, who shall be at liberty to put to him such questions as the Court may deem just for the purpose of enabling him to explain or qualify any answer given by him:

Provided that if he is, in the opinion of the Court, exculpated from any charges made or suggested against him, the Court may allow him such costs as in its discretion it may think fit.

(7) If any such person applies to the Court to be exculpated from any charges made or suggested against him, it shall be the duty of the official liquidator to appear on the heating of the application and call the attention of the Court to any matters which appear to the official liquidator to be relevant, and if the Court, after hearing any evidence given or witnesses called by the official liquidator, grants the application, the Court may allow the applicant such costs as it may think fit.

(8) Notes of the examination shall be taken down in writing and shall be read over to or by, and signed by, the person examined, and may thereafter be used in evidence against him and shall be open to the inspection of any creditor or contributory at all reasonable times.

(9) The Court may, if it thinks fit, adjourn the examination from time to time.

(10) An examination under this section may, if the Court so directs, and subject to any rules in this behalf, be held before any officer of the Court, being an Official Referee, Master Registrar, Additional Registrar or Deputy Registrar.

(11) The powers of the Court under this section as to the conduct of the examination, but not as to costs, may be exercised by the person before whom the examination is held by virtue of a direction under subsection (10).

353. Power to arrest absconding contributory.--
The Court, at any time either before or after making a winding up order, on proof of probable cause for believing that a contributory is about to quit Pakistan or otherwise to abscond, or to remove or conceal any of his property, for the purpose of evading payment of calls or of avoiding examination respecting the affairs of the company, may cause the contributory to be arrested and his books and papers and movable property to be seized, and him and them to be safely kept until such time as the Court may order.

354. Saving of other proceedings.-- Any powers conferred on the Court by this Ordinance shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, any existing power of instituting proceedings against any contributory or debtor of the company, or the estate of any contributory or debtor, for the recovery of any call or other sums.

ENFORCEMENT OF ORDERS

355. Power to enforce orders.-- All orders made by a Court under this Ordinance may be enforced in the same manner in which decrees of such Court made in any suit may be enforced.

356. Order made by any Court to be enforced by other Courts.-- Any order made by a Court for, or in the course of, winding up of a company shall be enforceable in any place in Pakistan, and in the same manner in all respects as if such order had been made by a Court having jurisdiction in respect of that company or a Court to whom the Court refers the order for enforcement.

357. Mode of dealing with orders to be enforced by other Courts.-- Where any order made by one Court is to be enforced by another Court, a certified copy of the order so made shall be produced to the proper officer of the Court required to enforce the same, and the production of such certified copy shall be sufficient evidence of such order having been made; and thereupon the last-mentioned Court shall take the requisite steps in the matter for enforcing the order, in the same manner as if it were the order of the Court enforcing the same.

VOLUNTARY WINDING UP

RESOLUTION FOR, AND COMMENCEMENT OF, VOLUNTARY WINDING UP

358. Circumstances in which. company may be wound up voluntarily.-- A company may be wound up voluntarily,--
(a) when the period (if any) fixed for the duration of the company by the articles expires, or the event (if any) occurs, on the occurrence of which the articles provide that the company is to be dissolved and the company in general meeting has passed a resolution requiring the company to be wound up voluntarily;
(b) if the company resolves by special resolution that the company be wound up voluntarily;
and. in the subsequent provisions of this Part, the expression "resolution for voluntary winding up" means a resolution passed under clause (a) or clause (b).

359. Commencement of voluntary winding up.-- A voluntary winding up shall be deemed to commence at the time of the passing of the resolution for voluntary winding up.

CONSEQUENCES OF VOLUNTARY WINDING UP

360. Effect of voluntary winding up on status of company.-- In the case of voluntary winding up, the company shall, from the commencement of the winding up, cease to carry on its business. except so far as may be required for the beneficial winding up thereof:

Provided that the corporate state and corporate powers of the company shall, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in its articles, continue until it is dissolved.

361. Notice of resolution to wind up voluntarily.-- (1) Notice of any resolution for winding up a company voluntarily shall be given by the company within ten days of the passing of the same by advertisement in the official Gazette, and also in a newspaper circulating in the Province where the registered office of the company is situate and, in the case of a listed company, such notice shall also be published a least in one issue of a daily newspaper in the English language and a daily newspaper in the Urdu language having circulation in the Province in which the stock exchange on which it is listed is situate and a copy thereof shall be sent to the registrar immediately thereafter.

(2) If a company makes default in complying with the requirements of subsection (1), it shall be liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred rupees for every day during which the default continues; and every officer of the company who without reasonable excuse authorises or permits the default or is a party to the default shall be liable to a like penalty.

(3) For the purpose of this section, a liquidator of a company shall be deemed to be an officer of the company.

DECLARATION OF SOLVENCY

362. Declaration of solvency in case of proposal to wind up voluntarily.-- (1) Where it is proposed to wind up a company voluntarily, its directors, or in case the company has more than three directors, the majority of the directors, including the chief executive, may, at a meeting of the board of directors make a declaration verified by an affidavit to the effect that they have made a full inquiry into the affairs of the company, and that having done so, they have formed the opinion that the company has no debts, or that it will be able to pay all its debts in full within such period not exceeding twelve months from the commencement of the winding up, as may be specified in the declaration.

(2) A declaration made as aforesaid shall have no effect for the purposes of this Ordinance, unless-
(a) it is made within the five weeks immediately preceding the date of the passing of the resolution for winding up the company and is delivered to the registrar for registration before that date; and
(b) it is accompanied by a copy of the report of the auditors of the company, prepared, so far as the circumstances admit, in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance, on the profit and loss account of the company for the period commencing from the date up to which the last such account was prepared and ending with the latest practicable date immediately before the making of the declaration and the balance-sheet of the company made out as on the last mentioned date and also embodies a statement of the company's assets and liabilities as at that date.

(3) Any director of a company making a declaration under this section without having reasonable grounds for the opinion that the company will be able to pay its debts in full within the period specified in the declaration shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees, or with both.

(4) If the company is wound up in pursuance of a resolution passed within the period of five weeks after the making of the declaration, but its debts are not paid or provided for in full within the period specified in the declaration; it shall be presumed, until the contrary, is shown, that the director did not have reasonable grounds for his opinion.

(5) A winding up in the case of which a declaration has been made and delivered in accordance with this section is in this Ordinance referred to as "a members' voluntary winding up", and a winding up in the case of which a declaration has not been so made and delivered is in this Ordinance referred to as "a creditors" voluntary winding up".

(6) Subsections (1) to (3) shall not apply to a! winding up commenced before the commencement of this Ordinance, in which case the provisions applicable immediately before such commencement shall apply-

PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO MEMBERS' VOLUNTARY WINDING UP

363. Provisions applicable to members' voluntary winding up.-- The provisions contained in sections 364 to 370, both inclusive, shall, subject to the provisions of section 371 apply in relation to a members' voluntary winding up.

364. Appointment of liquidators.-- (1) The company in general meeting shall appoint one or more liquidators, whose written consent to act as such has been obtained in advance, for the purpose of winding up the affairs and distributing the assets of the company.

(2) The liquidator or liquidators shall be entitled to such remuneration by way of percentage of the amount realised by him or them by disposal of assets or otherwise, as the company in general meeting may fix having regard to the amount and nature of the work to be done and subject to the prescribed limits:
Provided that different percentage rates may be fixed for different .types of assets and items.

(3) In addition to the remuneration payable under subsection (2), the company in general meeting may authorise payment of a monthly allowance to the liquidator for meeting the expenses of the winding up for a period not exceeding twelve months from the date of the commencement of winding up.

(4) The remuneration fixed as aforesaid shall not be enhanced subsequently but may be reduced by the Court at any time-
If the liquidator resigns, is removed from office or otherwise ceases to hold office before conclusion of winding up, he shall not be entitled to any remuneration and remuneration already received by him, if any, shall be refunded by him to the company.

(6) On the appointment of a liquidator all the powers of the directors, chief executive and other officers shall cease, except for the purpose of giving notice of resolution to wind up the company and appointment of liquidator and filing of consent of liquidator in pursuance of sections 361 and 366 or in so far as the company in general meeting, or the liquidator sanctions the continuance thereof.

(7) The liquidator shall not resign or quit his office as liquidator before conclusion of the winding up proceedings except for reasons of personal disability, to the satisfaction of the Court and may also be removed by the Court for reasons to be recorded.

(8) No remuneration shall be payable to a liquidator who fails to complete the winding up proceedings within the prescribed period.

365. Power to fill vacancy in office of liquidator.--
(l) If vacancy occurs by death, registration or otherwise in the office of any liquidator appointed by the company, the company in general meeting may, subject to any arrangement with its creditors, fill the vacancy by appointing a person who has given his written consent to act as liquidator.

(2) For that purpose a general meeting shall be convened by the outgoing liquidator before he ceases to act as liquidator except where the vacancy occurs by death, or where there were more liquidators than one, by the continuing liquidator, and failing that may be convened by any contributory, or by the Court on the application of the registrar or any person interested in the winding up of the company.

(3) The meeting shall be held in the manner provided by this Ordinance or by the articles or in such manner as may, on application by any contributory or by the continuing liquidators, be determined by the Court.

(4) If default is made in complying with the provisions of this section, every person, including the outgoing liquidator, who is in default shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees for every day during which the default continues.

366. Notice of appointment of liquidator to be given to registrar alongwith his consent.-- (1) Tim company shall give notice to the registrar of the appointment of a liquidator or liquidators made by it under sections 364 and 375, of every vacancy occurring in the office of liquidator, and of the name of the liquidator or liquidators appointed to fill every such vacancy under section 365 or a change made under section 368 and shall send therewith the consent of the liquidator to act as such where any appointment is made.

(2) The notice aforesaid shall be given by the company within ten days of the event to which it relates.

(3) If default is made in complying with subsection (1) or subsection (2) the company, and every officer of the company (including every liquidator or outgoing or continuing liquidator) who is in default, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees for every day during which the default continues.

367. Power of liquidator to accept shares, etc., as consideration for sale of property of company.-- (1) Where--
(a) a company (in this section called the "transferor company") is proposed to be, or is in the course of being, wound up altogether voluntarily; and
(b) the whole or a part of its business or property is proposed to be transferred or sold to another body corporate, whether a company within the meaning of this Ordinance or not (in this section called "the transferee company");
the liquidator of the transferor company may, with the sanction of a special resolution of that company conferring on the liquidator either a general authority or an authority in respect of any particular arrangement--
(i) receive, by way of compensation or part compensation for the transfer or sale, shares, policies, or other like interests in the transferee company, for distribution among the members of the transferor company; or
(ii) enter into any other arrangement whereby the members of the transferor company may, in lieu of receiving cash, shares, policies, or other like interests or in addition thereto, participate in the profits of, or receive any other benefit from, the transferee company.

(2) Any sale or arrangement in pursuance of this section shall be binding on the members of the transferor company.

(3) If any member of the transferor company who did not vote in favour of the special resolution expenses his dissent therefrom in writing addressed to the liquidator and left at the registered office of the company within seven days after the passing of the special resolution, he may require the liquidator either--
(a) to abstain from carrying the resolution into effect: or
(b) to purchase his interest at a price to be determined by agreement or by arbitration in the manner hereafter provided.

(4) If the liquidator elects to purchase the member's interest, the purchase money shall be paid before the company is dissolved, and be raised by the liquidator in such manner as may be determined by special resolution.

(5) A special resolution shall not be invalid for the purpose of this section by reason only that it is passed before or concurrently with a resolution for voluntary. winding up or for appointing liquidators; but, if an order is made within a year for winding up the company by or subject to the supervision of the Court, the special resolution shall not be valid unless it is sanctioned by the Court.

(6) The provisions of the Arbitration Act, 1940 (X of 1940), other than those restricting the application of this Ordinance in respect of the subject-matter of the arbitration, shall apply to all arbitrations in pursuance of this section.

368. Duty of liquidator to call creditors' meeting in case of insolvency.--
(1) If. in the case of a winding up commenced after the commencement of this Ordinance, the liquidator is at any time of opinion that the company will not be able to pay its debts in full within the period stated in the declaration trader section 362, or that period has expired without the debts having been paid in full, he shall forthwith summon a meeting of the creditors and shall lay before the meeting a statement of the assets and liabilities of the company and such other particulars as may be prescribed.

(2) Where subsection (1) becomes applicable, the creditors may in their meeting held as aforesaid appoint a different liquidator who has consented to act as such and in that case the person so appointed shall be the liquidator unless otherwise directed by the Court.

(3) A return of convening the creditors meeting as aforesaid alongwith a copy of the notice thereof and a statement of assets and liabilities of the company and the minutes of the meeting shall be filed with the registrar within ten days of the date of the meeting.

(4) If the liquidator fails to comply with any of the requirements of this section, he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees and, in the case of a continuing failure, to a further fine not exceeding one hundred rupees for every day after the first during which the failure continues.

369. Duty of liquidator to call general meeting at the end of each year.-- (1) Subject to the provisions of section 371, in the event of the winding up continuing for more than one year, the liquidator shall--
(a) summon a general meeting of the company at the end of the first year from the commencement of the winding up and, if the proceedings are not concluded during the first year and extension is granted under section 387, within thirty days of such extended period;
(b) lay before the meeting an audited account of his receipts and payrnents and acts and dealings and of the conduct of the winding up during the preceding year together with a statement in the prescribed form and containing the prescribed particulars with respect to the proceedings in and position of the liquidation, including reasons for the delay in finalisation of the winding up, steps taken and being taken to expedite it and the time required for the purpose; and
(c) forward by post to every contributory a copy of the account and statement referred to in clause (b) together with the auditor's report and notice and of the meeting at least ten days before the meeting required to be held under this section.
(2) A return of convening of each general meeting together with a copy of the notice, account and statement as aforesaid and the minutes of the meeting shall be filed by the liquidator with the registrar within ten days of the date of the meeting.
(3) If the liquidator fails to comply with this section, he shall be liable, in respect of each failure, to a fine not exceeding five thousand rupees and, in the case of a continuing failure, to a further fine not exceeding one hundred rupees for every day after the first during which the failure continues.

370. Final meeting and dissolution.-- (1) Subject to the provisions of section 371, as soon as the affairs of the company are fully wound up, the liquidator shall--
(a) make up a report and account of the winding up, showing how the winding up has been conducted and the property of the company has been disposed of and such other particulars as may be prescribed; and
(b) call a general meeting of the company for the purpose of laying the report and account before it. and giving any explanation thereof.

(2) The account referred to in clause (a) of subsection (1) shall be audited and a copy there of together with a copy of the auditor's report and notice of meeting shall be sent by post to each contributory of the company at least ten days before the meeting required to be held under this section.

(3) The notice of the meeting specifying the time, place and object of the meeting shall also be published at least ten days before the date of the meeting in the manner specified in subsection (1) of section 361 for publication of a notice under that subsection.

(4) Within one week after the meeting, the liquidator shall send to the registrar a copy of his report and account, and shall make a return to him of the holding of the meeting alongwith the minutes of the meeting in the prescribed manner.

(5) If a quorum is not present at the meeting, the liquidator shall in lieu of the return referred to in subsection (4), make a return that the meeting was duly summoned and that no quorum was present threat and upon such a return being made within one week after the date fixed for the meeting alongwith a copy of his report and account in the prescribed manner. the provisions of subsection (4) as to the making of the return shall be deemed to have been complied with.

(6) The registrar, on receiving the report and account and either the return mentioned in subsection (4) or the return mentioned in subsection (5). shall, after such scrutiny as he may deem fit, register them, and on tile expiration of three months from such registration, the company shall be deemed to be dissolved:

Provided that, if on his scrutiny the registrar considers that the affairs of the company or the liquidation proceedings have been conducted in a manner prejudicial to its interest or the interests of its creditors and members or that any actionable irregularity has been committed, he may take action in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance:

Provided further that the Court, may on the application of the liquidator or of any other person who appears to the Court to be interested, make an order deferring the date at which the dissolution of the company is to take effect for such time as the Court thinks fit.

(7) It shall be the duty of the person on whose application an order of the Court trader the foregoing proviso is made, within fourteen days after the making of the order.- to deliver to the registrar a certified copy of the order for registration. and. if that person fails so to do, he shall be liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred rupees for every. day during which the default continues.

(8) If the liquidator fails to comply with any requirements of this section, he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees and, in the case of a continuing failure, to a further fine which may extend to one hundred rupees for every day after the first during which the failure continues.

371. Alternative provisions as to annual and final meetings in case of insolvency.-- Where section 368 has effect, sections 381 and 382 shall apply to the winding up, to the exclusion of sections 369 and 370 as if the winding up were creditors' voluntary winding up and not a members' voluntary winding up:

Provided that the liquidator shall not be required to summon a meeting of creditors under section 38 at the end of the first year from the commencement of the winding up, unless the meeting held under section 368 has been held more than three months before the end of the year.

PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO CREDITORS' VOLUNTARY WINDING UP

372. Provisions applicable to creditors' voluntary winding up.-- The provisions contained in sections 373 to 382, both inclusive. shall apply in relation to creditors' voluntary. winding up.

373. Meeting of creditors.-- (l) The company shall cause a meeting of the creditors of the company to be summoned for the day, or the day next following the day, on which there is to be held the general meeting of the company at which the resolution for voluntary winding up is to be proposed, and shall cause the notices of the said meeting of creditors to be sent by post to the creditors simultaneously with the sending of the notices of the general meeting of the company.

(2) The company shall cause notice of the meeting of the creditors to be advertised in the manner specified in subsection (1) of section 361 for the publication of a notice under that subsection.

(3) The directors and chief executive of the company shall-
(a) cause a full statement of the position of the company's affairs and assets and liabilities together with a list of the creditors of the company and the estimated amount of their claims to be laid before the meeting of creditors to be held as aforesaid; and
(b) appoint one of their number to preside at the said meeting.

(4) It shall be the duty of the director appointed to preside at the meeting of creditors to attend the meeting and preside thereat.

(5) If the meeting of the company at which the resolution for voluntary winding up is to be proposed is adjourned and the resolution is passed at an adjourned meeting, any resolution passed at the meeting of the creditors, held in pursuance of subsection (1) of this section, shall have effect as if it had been passed immediately after the passing of the resolution for winding up the company.

(6) If default is made-
(a) by the company in complying with subsections (1) and (2);
(b) by the directors and chief executive of the company in complying with subsection (3);
(c) by any director of the company in complying with subsection (4);
the company, each of the directors or the director or the chief executive, as the case may be, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees and, in the case of a continuing default, to a further fine which may extend to one hundred rupees for every day after the first during which the default continues and, in the case of default by the company, every officer of the company who is in default shall be liable to the like punishment.

374. Notice of resolution passed by creditors' meeting to be given to registrar.-- (1) Notice of any resolution passed at a creditors' meeting in pursuance of section 373 shall be given by the company to the registrar, alongwith the consent of the liquidator to act as such, within ten days of the passing thereof.

(2) If default is made in complying with subsection (1), the company and every officer of the company who is in default shall be punishable with free which may extend to two hundred rupees for every day during which the default continues.

(3) For the purpose of this section, a liquidator of the company shall be deemed to be an officer of the company.

375. Appointment of liquidator.-- (l) The creditors and the company at their respective meetings mentioned in sections 368 and 373 may nominate a person, who has given his written consent to act as such, to be liquidator for the purpose of winding up the affairs and distributing the assets of the company.

(2) If the creditors and company nominate different persons, the person nominated by the creditors shall be liquidator.

Provided that any director, member or creditor of the company may, within seven days after the date on which the nomination was made by the creditors, apply to the Court for an, order either directing that the person nominated as liquidator by the company shall be liquidator instead of or jointly with the person nominated by the creditors, or appointing some other person to be liquidator instead of the person appointed by the creditors.

(3) If no person is nominated by the creditors, the person, if any, nominated the company shall be liquidator.

(4) If no person is nominated by the company, the person, if any nominated by the creditors shall be the liquidator.

(5) The liquidator shall not resign or quit his office as liquidator before conclusion of the winding up proceedings except for reasons of personal disability to the satisfaction of the Court and may also be removed by the Court for reasons to be recorded.

376. Appointment of committee of inspection.--
(1) The creditors at the meeting to be held in pursuance of section 368 or 373 or at any subsequent meeting may, if they think fit, appoint a committee of inspection consisting of not more than five persons.

(2) If such a committee is appointed, the company may either at the meeting at which the resolution for voluntary winding up is passed or at any subsequent general meeting, appoint such number of persons, not exceeding five, as they think fit to act as members of the committee:

Provided that the creditors may, if they think fit, resolve that all or any of the persons so appointed by the company ought not to be member of the committee of inspection.

(3) If the creditors so resolve, the person mentioned in the resolution shall not, unless the Court otherwise directs. be qualified to act as a member of the committee.

(4) On ally application to the Court for a direction under subsection (3), the Court may, if it thinks fit, appoint other persons to act as such members in place of the persons mentioned in the creditors' resolution.

(5) Subject to the provisions of subsections (2) to (4) and to such rules as may be prescribed, the provisions of section 332, except subsection (1) thereof shall apply with respect to a committee of inspection appointed under this section as they apply with respect to a committee of inspection appointed in a winding up by the Court.

377. Fixing of liquidator’s remuneration.-- (1) The liquidator shall be entitled to such remuneration by way of percentage of the amount realised by him by disposal of assets or otherwise as the committee of inspection, or if there is no such committee, the creditors may fix having regard to the amount and nature of the work to be done and not exceeding the prescribed limits:

Provided that different percentage rates may be fixed for different types of assets and items.

(2) In addition to the remuneration payable under subsection (1), the committee of inspection or the creditors, as the case may be, may authorise payment of a monthly allowance to the liquidator for meeting the expenses of the winding up for a period not exceeding twelve months from the date of commencement of winding up.

(3) The remuneration fixed as aforesaid shall not be enhanced subsequently but may be reduced by the Court at any time.

(4) If the liquidator resigns, is removed from office or otherwise ceases to hold office before conclusion of winding up, he shall not be entitled to any remuneration and the remuneration already received by him, if, any, shall be refunded by him to the company.

378. Directors' powers to cease on appointment of liquidator.-- On the appointment of a liquidator, all the powers of the directors, chief executive and other officers shall cease, except for the purpose of giving notice of resolution to wind up and appointment of the liquidator and filing of consent of the liquidator as required under this Ordinance and except so far as the committee of inspection or if there is no such committee, the creditors, in general meeting may sanction the continuance thereof.

379. Power to fill vacancy in office of liquidator.-- If a vacancy occurs, by death, resignation or otherwise. in the office of a liquidator, other than a liquidator appointed by or by the direction of. the Court, the creditors in general meeting may fill the vacancy by appointing a person who has given his written consent to act as liquidator, and for this purpose the provisions of section 365 shall mutatis mutandis apply.

380. Application of section 367 to a creditors' voluntary winding up.-- The provisions of section 367 shall apply in the case of a creditors' voluntary winding up as in the case of a members' voluntary winding up with the modification that the powers of the liquidator under the said section shall not be exercised except with the sanction either of the Court or of the committee of inspection.

381. Duty of liquidator to call meetings of company and of creditors at the end of every year.--
(1) In the event of the winding up continuing for more than one year. the liquidator shall--
(a) summon a general meeting of the company and a meeting of creditors at the and of the first year from the commencement of the winding up and, if the proceedings are not concluded during the first year and extension is granted under section 387, within thirty. days of such extended period;
(b) lay before the meetings an audited account of his receipts and payments and acts and dealings and of the conduct of winding up during the preceding year together with a statement in the prescribed form and containing the prescribed particulars with respect to the proceedings and position of liquidation including reasons for the delay in finalisation of the winding up, steps taken and being taken to expedite it and the time required for the purpose; and
(c) forward by post to every creditor and to every contributory. a copy of the account and statement referred to in clause (b) together with the auditors' report and notice of the meeting at least ten days before the meeting required to be held under this section.

(2) A return of convening of each general meeting and creditors' meeting together with a copy each of the notices, accounts and statements as aforesaid and the minutes of the meetings shall be filed with the registrar within ten days of the date of the meeting.

(3) If the liquidator fails to comply with this section, he shall be liable in respect of each failure to a fine which may extend to five thousand rupees and, in the case of a continuing failure, to a further fine which may extend to one hundred rupees for every day after the first during which the failure continues.

382. Final meeting and dissolution.-- (l) As soon as the affairs of the company are fully wound up, the liquidator shall--
(a) make up a report and account of the winding up, showing how the winding up has been conducted and the property of the company has been disposed of and such other particulars as may be prescribed; and
(b) call a general meeting of the company and a meeting of the creditors for the purpose of laying the report and account before the meetings and giving any explanation thereof.

(2) The account referred to in clause (a) of subsection (1) shall be audited and a copy thereof together with a copy of the auditor's report and notice of the meeting shall be sent by post to each contributory and creditor of the company at least ten days before the meetings required to be held under this section.

(3) The notice of the meetings referred to in this section specifying the time, place and object thereof shall also be published at least ten days before the meeting in the manner specified in subsection (1) of section 361 for the publication of a notice under that subsection.

(4) Within one week after the date of the meetings, or if the meetings are not held on the same date, after the date of the latter meeting, the liquidator shall send to the registrar a copy of his report and account, and shall make a return to him of the holding of the meetings alongwith the minutes of the meetings in the prescribed manner.

(5) If a quorum (which for the purpose of this section shall be two persons) is not present at either of such meetings, the liquidator shall, in lieu of the return referred to in subsection (4), make a return that the meetings were duly summoned and that no quorum was present thereat and, upon such return being made within one week after the date fixed for the meetings alongwith a copy of his report and account in the prescribed manner, the provisions of subsection (4) as to making of the return shall, in respect of that meeting, be deemed to have been complied with.

(6) On receiving the report and account and also, in respect of each such meeting either the return mentioned in subsection (4) or the return mentioned in subsection (5), the registrar shall after such scrutiny as he may deem fit, register them, and on the expiration of three months from the registration thereof the company shall be deemed to be dissolved:

Provided that, if on his scrutiny the registrar considers that the affairs of the company or the liquidation proceedings have been conducted in a manner prejudicial to its interests or the interests of its creditors or members or that any actionable irregularity has been committed, he may take action in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance:

Provided further that the Court may, on the application of the liquidator or any other person who appears to the Court to be interested, make an order deferring the date at which the dissolution of the company is to take effect for such time as the Court thinks fit.

(7) It shall be the duty of the person on whose application an order is made by the Court under the foregoing proviso, within fourteen days after the making of the order to deliver to the registrar a certified copy of the order for registration and, if that person fails so to do, he shall be liable to a fine which may extend to one hundred rupees for every day during which the default continues.

(8) If the liquidator fails to comply with any requirements of this section, he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees and, in the case of a continuing failure to a further fine which may extend to one hundred rupees for every day after the first during which the failure continues.

PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO EVERY VOLUNTARY WINDING UP

383. Provisions applicable to every voluntary winding up.-- The provisions contained in sections 384 to 395, both inclusive, shall apply to every voluntary winding up whether a members' or a creditors' winding up.

384. Accounts and statements to be audited.-- (1) All accounts and statements referred to in sections 369, 370, 381 and 382 shall, before being placed before the meetings of the creditors or contributories. be duly audited by an auditor appointed in the manner provided in section 434.

(2) The auditor's report shall be annexed to the accounts and statements referred to in subsection (1).

(3) The auditor shall submit his report within two months of the end of the period to which the accounts relate, or within such extended time as may be allowed to him by the registrar.

(4) Whoever fails to comply with any provision of this section shall be punishable with a fine which may extend to five thousand rupees.

385. Distribution of properly of company.-- Subject to the provisions of this Ordinance as to preferential payments, the property of a company shall, on its winding up, be applied in satisfaction of its liabilities pari passu and, subject to such application shall, unless the articles otherwise provide, be distributed among the members according to their rights and interests in the company.

386. Application of sections 328 and 329 to voluntary winding up.-- The provisions of sections 328 and 329 shall, so far as may be, apply to every voluntary. winding up as they apply to winding up by the Court except that references to--

(a) "the Court" shall be omitted;
(b) the "official liquidator" or the "provisional manager" shall be construed as references to the liquidator; and
(c) the "relevant date" shall be construed as reference to the date of commencement of the winding up; and
the report referred to in section 329 shall be submitted to the registrar instead of the Court;

387. Powers and duties of liquidator in voluntary winding up.-- (1) The liquidator may--
(a) in the case of a members' voluntary, winding up, with the sanction of a special resolution of the company, and, in the case of a creditors' voluntary winding up, of either the Court or the committee of inspection, or (if there is no such committee) of a meeting of the creditors, exercise any of the powers given by subsection (1) of section 333 to a liquidator in a winding up by the Court;
(b) without the sanction referred to in clause (a), exercise any of the other powers given by this Ordinance to the liquidator in a winding up by the Court;
(c) exercise the power of the Court under this Ordinance of settling a list of contributories, which shall be prima-facie evidence of the liabilities of the persons named therein to be contributories;
(d) exercise the power of the Court of making calls;
(e) summon general meetings of the company and creditors for the purpose of obtaining the sanction of the company by special resolution or for any other purpose he may think fit.

(2) The exercise by the liquidator of the powers given by clause (a) of subsection (1) shall be subject to the control of the Court; and any creditor or contributory may apply to the Court with respect to any exercise or proposed exercise of any of the power conferred by this section.

(3) The liquidator shall pay the debts of the company and shall adjust the rights of the contributories, among themselves.

(4) The liquidator shall within thirty days of the coming into his hands of any funds sufficient to distribute among the creditors or contributories after providing for expenses of the winding up or for other preferential payments as provided in this Ordinance, distribute in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance:

Provided that such portion of the funds as may be required for meeting any claim against the company which may be sub judice or subject-matter of adjudication or assessment shall not be distributed till the claim is finally settled:

Provided further that any amounts retained as aforesaid shall be invested by the official liquidator in Khas Deposit Certificates or in such other securities or instruments as may be prescribed and the distribution thereof shall be made by him after the pending claims are settled.

(5) The winding up proceedings shall be completed by the liquidator within a period of one year from the date of commencement of winding up:

Provided that the Court may, of the application of the liquidator, grant extension by one month at any time but such extensions shall not exceed a period of six months in all and shall be allowed only for the reason that any proceedings for or against the company are pending in a Court and the Court shall also have the power to require expeditious disposal of such proceedings as it could under section 317 if the company was being wound up by the Court.

(6) If an official liquidator is convicted of misfeasance, or breach of duty or other lapse or default in relation to winding up proceedings of a company, he shall cease to be the official liquidator of the company and shall also become disqualified, for a period of five years from such conviction, from being the liquidator of, or to hold any other office including that of a director in any company and if he already holds any such office he shall forthwith be deemed to have ceased to hold such office.

(7) When several liquidators are appointed, any power given by this Ordinance may be exercised by such one or more of them as may be determined at the time of their appointment; or, in default of such determination, by any two or more of them.

388. Power of Court to appoint and remove liquidator in voluntary winding up.--
(1) If from any cause whatever, there is no liquidator acting, the Court may appoint an official liquidator in accordance with the provisions of section 321 who shall have the same powers, be subject to the same obligations and in all respects stand in the same position as an official liquidator appointed by the Court has in winding up by the Court.

(2) The Court may, on cause shown, remove a liquidator and appoint an official liquidator in his place on the application of any creditor or contributory or the registrar or a person authorised by the Authority.

(3) The remuneration to be paid to the official liquidator appointed under subsection (1) or subsection (2) shall be fixed by the Court as if the company were being wound up by the Court.

389. Notice by liquidator of his appointment.-- (1) Every liquidator shall, within fourteen days after his appointment, publish in the official Gazette, and deliver to the registrar for registration, a notice of his appointment in the form prescribed.

(2) If the liquidator fails to comply with the requirements of subsection (1), he shall be liable to a fine not exceeding two hundred rupees for everyday during which the default continues.

390. Arrangement when binding on company and creditors.-- (1) Any arrangement entered into between a company about to be, or in the course of being wound up and its creditors shall, subject to the right of appeal under this section, be binding on the company if sanctioned by a special resolution and on the creditors if acceded to by three-fourth in number and value of the creditors.

(2) Any creditor or contributory may, within twenty-one days from the completion of the arrangement, appeal to the Court against it, and the Court may thereupon, as it thinks just, amend, vary, confirm or set aside the arrangement.

391. Power to apply to Court to have questions determined or powers exercised-- (1) The liquidator or any contributory or creditor may apply to the Court--
(a) to determine any question arising in the winding up of a company; or
(b) to exercise as respects the enforcing of calls, the staying of proceedings or any other matter, all or any of the powers which the Court might exercise if the company were being wound up by the Court.

(2) The liquidator or any contributory may apply to the Court specified in sub section (3) for an order setting aside any attachment, distress or execution put into force against the estate or effects of the company after the commencement of the winding up.

(3) An application under subsection (2) shall be made--
(a) if the attachment, distress or execution is levied or put into force by a High Court, to such High Court, and
(b) if the attachment, distress or execution is levied or put into force by any other Court, to the Court having jurisdiction to wind up the. company.

(4) The Court, if it is satisfied that the determination of the question or the required exercise of power or the order applied for will be just and beneficial, may accede wholly or partially to the application on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit, or may make such other orders on the application as it thinks just.

(5) A copy of an order staying the proceedings in the winding up, made by virtue of this section, shall forthwith be forwarded by the company, or otherwise as may be prescribed, to the registrar, who shall make a minute of the order in his books relating to the company.

392. Application of liquidator to Court for public examination of promoters, directors, etc.-- The liquidator may make a report to the Court stating that in his opinion a fraud or any other actionable irregularity has been committed by any person in the promotion or formation of the company or by any officer of the company in relation to the company since its formation; and the Court may, after considering the report, direct that person or officer shall attend before the Court on a day appointed by it for that purpose, and be publicly examined as to the promotion or formation or the conduct of the business of the company, or as to his conduct and dealings as officer thereof, in the manner provided for such examination in the case of winding up of a company by the Court.

393. Costs of voluntary winding up.-- All costs, charges and expenses properly incurred in the winding up, including the remuneration of the liquidator shall subject to the rights of secured creditors, if any, be payable out of the assets of the company in priority to all other claims.

394. Saving for right of creditors and contributories.-- The voluntary winding up of a company shall not bar the right of any creditor or contributory to have it wound up by the Court, but in the case of an application by a contributory, the Court must be satisfied that the rights of the contributories will be prejudiced by a voluntary winding up.

395. Power of Court to adopt proceedings of voluntary winding up.-- Where a company is being wound up voluntarily, and an order is made for winding up by the Court, the Court may, if it thinks fit by the same or any subsequent order, provide for the adoption of all or any of the proceedings in the voluntary winding up.

WINDING UP SUBJECT TO SUPERVISION OF COURT

396. Power to order winding up subject to supervision.-- When a company has passed a resolution for voluntary, winding up, the Court may of its own motion or on the application of any person entitled to apply to the Court for winding up a company, make an order that the voluntary winding up shall continue, but subject to such supervision of the Court, and with such liberty for creditors, contributories or others to apply to the Court, and generally on such terms and conditions, as the Court thinks just.

397. Effect of petition for winding up subject to supervision.-- A petition for the continuance of a voluntary winding up subject to the supervision of the Court shall, for the purpose of giving jurisdiction to the Court over suits and other legal proceedings, be deemed to be a petition for winding up by the Court.

398. Court may have regard to wishes of creditors and contributories.-- The Court may, in deciding between a winding up by the Court and a winding up subject to supervision, in the appointment of liquidators. and in all other matters relating to the winding up subject to supervision, have regard to the wishes of the creditors or contributories as proved to it by any sufficient evidence but subject to the provisions which would have been applicable had the company been wound up by the Court.

399. Power to replace liquidator.-- (1) Where an order is made for winding up subject to supervision, the Court shall by that order appoint an official liquidator who shall have the same powers, be subject to the same obligations and in all respects stand in the same position as if he had been appointed by the company.
(2) An application trader this section may be made to the Court by any creditor or contributory or the registrar or a person authorised by the Authority in this behalf.

400. Effects of supervision order.-- (l) When an order is made for a winding up subject to supervision, the liquidator may subject to any restrictions imposed by the Court, exercise all his powers, without the sanction or intervention of the Court, in the same manner as if the company were being wound up altogether voluntarily.

(2) Except as provided in subsection (1), and save for the purposes of section 352 an order made by the Court for a winding up subject to the supervision of the Court shall for all purposes including the staying of suits and other proceedings, be deemed to be an order of the Court for winding up the company by the Court, and shall confer full authority on the Court to make call or to enforce calls made by the liquidator, and to exercise all other powers which it might have exercised if an order had been made for winding up the company altogether by the Court.

(3) In the construction of the provisions whereby the Court is empowered to direct any act or thing to be done to or in favour of the official liquidator, the expression "official liquidator" shall be deemed to mean the liquidator conducting the winding up subject to the supervision of the Court.

(4) Unless otherwise directed by the Court, an order for winding up subject to supervision shall not in any way affect the duties, obligations and liabilities of the liquidator as provided for in respect of voluntary winding up.

401. Appointment or voluntary liquidator as official liquidator in certain cases.-- Where an order has been made for the winding up of a company subject to supervision, and an order is afterwards made for winding up by the Court, the Court shall by the last mentioned order appoint the voluntary liquidator, either provisionally or permanently, and either with or without the addition of any other person, to be official liquidator in the winding up by the Court.

PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO EVERY MODE OF WINDING UP STATUS
OF COMPANIES BEING WOUND UP

402. Status of companies being wound up, etc.-- A company being wound up shall continue to be a company for all purposes till its final dissolution in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance and, unless other wise specified, all provisions and requirements of this Ordinance relating to companies shall continue to apply mutatis rnutandis in the case of companies being wound up:

Provided that, from the date of commencement of the winding up of a company, the official liquidator or the liquidator shall be deemed to have taken the place of the directors, chief executive and managing agents of the company, as the case may be.

PROOF AND RANKING OF CLAIMS, ETC.

403. Debts of all descriptions to be proved.-- In every winding up (subject, in the case of insolvent companies, to the application in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance or the law of insolvency) all debts payable on a contingency, and all claims against the company, present or future, certain or contingent, ascertained or sounding only in damages, shall be admissible to proof against the company, a just estimate being made, so far as possible, of the value of such debts or claims as may be subject to any contingency, or may sound only in damages, or for some other reason do not bear a certain value.

404. Application of insolvency rules in winding up of insolvent companies.-- In the winding up of an insolvent company the same rules shall prevail and be observed with regard to the respective rights of secured and unsecured- creditors and to debts provable and to the valuation of annuities and future and contingent liabilities as are in force for the time being under the law of insolvency with respect to the estates of persons adjudged insolvent; and all persons who in any such case would be entitled to prove for and receive dividend out of the assets of the company may come in under the winding up, and make such claims against the company as they respectively are entitled to by virtue of this section.

405. Preferential payments.-- (1) In a winding up, there shall be paid in priority to all other debts--
(a) all revenues, taxes, ceasses and rates due from the company to the Federal Government or a Provincial Government or to a local authority at the relevant date and having become due and payable within the twelve months next before that date;
(b) all wages or salary (including wages payable for time or piece work and salary earned wholly or in part by way of commission) of any employee in respect of services rendered to the company and due for a period not exceeding four months within the twelve months next before the relevant date and any compensation payable to any workman under any law for the time being in force, subject to the limit specified in subsection (2);
(c) all accrued holiday remuneration becoming payable to any employee or in the case of his death to any other person in his right, on the termination of his employment before, or by the effect of, the winding up order or resolution;
(d) unless the company is being wound up voluntarily merely for the purposes of reconstruction or of amalgamation with another company, all amounts due, in respect of contributions towards insurance payable during the twelve months next before the relevant date, by the company as employer of any persons, under any other law for the time being in force;
(e) unless the company is being wound up voluntarily merely for the purposes of reconstruction or of amalgamation with another company, or unless the company has, at the commencement of the winding up, under such a contract with insurers as is mentioned in section 14 of the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923 (VIII of 1923), rights capable of being transferred to and vested in the workmen, all amounts due in respect of any compensation or liability for compensation under the said Act in respect of the death or disablement of any employee of the company;
(f) all sums due to any employee from a provident fund, a pension fund. a gratuity fund or any other fund for the welfare of the employees maintained by the company; and
(g) the expenses of any investigation held in pursuance of section 263 or section 265 in so far as they are payable by the company.

(2) The sum to which priority is to be given under clause (b) of subsection (1) shall not, in the case of any one claimant, exceed two thousand rupees:

Provided that, where a claimant is a labourer in husbandry who has entered into contract for the payment of a portion of his wages in a lump sum at the end of the year of hiring, he shall have priority in respect of the whole of such stun, or a part thereof as the Court may decide to be due under the contract, proportionate to the time of service up to the relevant date.

(3) Where any compensation under the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923 (VIII of 1923), is a weekly payment, the amount due in respect thereof shall, for the purposes of clause (e) of subsection (1), be taken to be the amount of the lump sum for which the weekly payment could, if redeemable, be redeemed if the employer made an application for that purpose under the said Act.

(4) Where any payment has been made--
(i) to an employee of a company on account of wages or salary; or
(ii) to an employee of a company or, in the case of his death, to any other person in his right, on account of accrued holiday remuneration;
out of money advanced by some person for that purpose, the person by whom the money was advanced shall, in a winding up, have a right of priority, in respect of the money so advanced and paid, up to the amount by which the sum in respect of which the employee or other person in his right would have been entitled to priority in the winding up has been diminished by reason of the payment having been made.

(5) The foregoing debts shall-
(a) rank equally among themselves and be paid in full, unless the assets are insufficient to meet them, in which case they shall abate in equal proportion; and
(b) so far as the assets of the company available for payment of general creditors are insufficient to meet them, have priority over the claims of holders of debentures under any floating charge created by the company, and be paid accordingly out of any property. comprised in or subject to that charge.

(6) Subject to the retention of such stuns as may be necessary for the costs and expenses of the winding up, the foregoing debts shall be discharged forthwith so far as the assets are sufficient to meet them and, in the case of the debts to which priority is given by clause (d) of subsection (1), formal proof thereof shall not be required except in so far as may be otherwise prescribed.

(7) In the event of a landlord or other person distraining or having distrained on any goods or effects of the company within three months next before the date of winding up order, the debts to which priority is given by this section shall be a first charge on the goods or effects so distrained on, or the proceeds of the sale thereof:
Provided that in respect of any money paid under any such charge, the landlord or other person shall have the same rights of priority as the person to whom the payment is made.

(8) For the purposes of this section--
(a) any remuneration in respect of a period of holiday or of absence from work through sickness or other good cause shall be deemed to be wages in respect of services rendered to the company during that period;
(b) the expression "accrued holiday remuneration" includes; in relation to any person, all stuns which by virtue either of his contract of employment or of any enactment (including any order made or direction given under any enactment), are payable on account of the remuneration which would, in the ordinary course, have become payable to him in respect of a period of holiday had his employment with the company continued until he became entitled to be allowed the holiday; and
(c) the expression "the relevant date" means--
(i) in the case of a company. ordered to be wound up compulsorily by the Court, the date of the appointment (or first appointment) of the provisional manager or, if no such appointment was made, the date of the winding up order, unless in either case the company had commenced to be wound up voluntarily before that date; and
(ii) in any other case, the date of the passing of, the resolution for the voluntary winding up of the company.

406. Avoidance of transfers, etc.--
Except when an order to the contrary is passed by the Court-- (a) every transfer of shares and alteration-in the status of a member made after the commencement of winding up shall, unless approved by the liquidator, be void;
(b) any transfer of property., movable or immovable (including actionable claims), or any delivery of goods, made by a company, not being a transfer or delivery made in the ordinary course of its business or in favour of a purchaser or encumbrancer in good faith and for valuable consideration, if made within a period of one year before the presentation of a petition for winding up by or subject to the supervision of the Court or the passing of a resolution for voluntary, winding up of the company, shall be void against the liquidator.

407. Disclaimer of property.-- (1) Where any part of the property of a company which is being wound up consists of land of any tenure burdened with onerous covenants, of shares or stock in companies, of unprofitable contracts or of any other property. that is tinsaleable, or not readily saleable, by reason of its binding the possessor thereof to the performance of any onerous act, or the payment of any sum of money. the liquidator of the company, notwithstanding that he had endeavoured to sell or has taken possession of the property, or exercised any act of ownership in relation thereto, may, with the leave of the Court and subject to the provisions of this section, by writing signed by him. at any time within twelve months after the commencement of the winding up or such extended period as may be allowed by the Court, disclaim the property:

Provided that, where any such property has not come to the knowledge of the liquidator within one month after the commencement of the winding up, the power under this section of disclaiming the property may be exercised at any time within twelve months after he has become aware thereof or such extended period as may be allowed by the Court.

(2) The disclaimer shall operate to determine as from the date of disclaimer, the rights, interests, and liabilities of the company, and the property of the company, in or in respect of the property. disclaimed, but shall not, except so far as is necessary for the purpose of releasing the company and the property of the company from liability, affect the rights or liabilities of any other person.

(3) The Court, before or on granting leave to disclaim, may require such notices to be given to persons interested. and impose such terms as a condition of granting leave, and make such other order in the matter as the Court thinks just.

(4) The liquidator shall not be entitled to disclaim any property under this section in any case where an application in writing has been made to him by any persons interested in the property. requiring him to decide whether he will or will not disclaim and the liquidator has not within a period of twenty-eight days after the receipt of the application or such further period as may be allowed by the Court, given notice to the applicant that he intends to apply to the Court for leave to disclaim, and in case the property is a contract, if the liquidation after such an application as aforesaid, does not within the said period or further period disclaim the contract, the company shall be deemed to have adopted it.

(5) The Court may, on the application of any person who is, as against the liquidator, entitled to the benefit or subject to the burden of a contract made with the company, make an order contract on such terms as to payment by or to either party of damages for the non-performance of the contract or otherwise as the Court thinks just, and any damages payable under the order to any such person may be proved by him as a debt in the winding up.

(6) The Court may on an application by any person who either claims any interest in any disclaimed property or is under any liability not discharged by this Ordinance in respect of any disclaimed property and after hearing any such persons as it thinks fit, make an order for the vesting of the property in, or the delivery of the property to, any person entitled thereto or to whom it may seem just that the property should be delivered by way of compensation for such liability as aforesaid, or a trustee for him, and on such terms as the Court thinks just; and, on any such vesting order being made, the property. comprised therein shall vest accordingly in the person therein named in that behalf without any conveyance or assignment for the purpose:

Provided that, where the property, disclaimed is of a leasehold nature, the Court shall not make a vesting order in favour of any person claiming under the company whether as under-lessee or as mortgagee except upon the terms of making that person-
(a) subject to the same liabilities and obligations as those to which the company was subject under the lease in respect of the property at the commencement of the winding up; or
(b) If the Court thinks fit, subject only to the same liabilities and obligations as if the lease had been assigned to that person at that date,-

and in either event (if the case so requires) as if the lease had comprised only the property comprised in the vesting order, and any mortgagee or under-lessec declining to accept a vesting order upon such terms shall be excluded from all interest in and security upon the property, and, if there is no person claiming under the company who is willing to accept an order upon such terms, the Court shall have power to vest the estate and interest of the company in the property in any person liable, either personally or in a representative character, and either alone or jointly with the company, to perform the lessee's covenants in the lease, freed and discharged from all estates, encumbrances and interests created therein by the company.

(7) Any person injured by the operation of a disclaimer under this section shall be deemed to be a creditor of the company to the amount of the compensation or damages payable in respect of the injury, and may accordingly prove the amount as a debt in the winding up.

EFFECT OF WINDING UP ON ANTECEDENT AND OTHER TRANSACTIONS

408. Fraudulent preference.-- Any conveyance, mortgage, delivery of goods, payment, execution or other act relating to property made or done by or against a company within six months before the commencement of its winding up which, had it been made or done by or against an individual within six months before the presentation of an insolvency petition on which he is adjudged insolvent, would be deemed in his insolvency a fraudulent preference, shall in the event of the company being wound up, be deemed a fraudulent preference of its creditors and be invalid accordingly:

Provided that, in relation to things made or done before the commencement of this Ordinance, this subsection shall have effect as if for the reference therein to "six months" reference to "three Months" were substituted.

(2) Any conveyance or assignment by a company of all its property to trustees for the benefit of all its creditors shall be void.

409. Liabilities and rights of certain frauduleritly preferred persons.-- (1) Where, in the case of a company which is being wound up, anything made or done after the commencement of this Ordinance, is invalid under section 408 as a fraudulent preference of a person interested in property mortgaged or charged to secure the company's debt, then (without prejudice to any rights or liabilities arising apart from this provisions) the person preferred shall be subject to the same liabilities and shall have the same rights as if be had undertaken to be personally liable as surely for the debt to the extent of the charge on the property. or the value of his interest, whichever is less.

(2) The value of the said person s interest shall be determined as at the date of the transaction constituting, the fraudulent preference, and shall be determined as if the interest were free of all encumbrances other than those to which the charge for the company's debt was then subject.

(3) On any application made to the Court with respect to any payment on the ground that the payment was a fraudulent preference of a surety or guarantor, the Court shall have jurisdiction to determine any questions with respect to the payment arising between the person to whom the payment was made and the surety or guarantor and to grant relief in respect thereof, notwithstanding that it is not necessary. so to do for the purposes of the winding up, and for that purpose may give leave to bring' in the surety or guarantor as a third party as in the case of a suit for the recovery of the sum paid.

(4) Subsection (3) shall apply, with the necessary.. modifications in relation to transactions other than the payment of money as it applied in relation to such payments.

410. Avoidance of certain attachments, executions, etc.-- (l) Where any company is being wound up by or subject to the supervision of the Court, any attachment, distress or execution put in force without leave of the Court against the estate or effects or any sale held without leave of the Court of any of the properties of the company after the commencement of the winding up shall be void.

(2) Nothing in this section applies to proceedings by the Government.

411. Effect floating charge.-- Where a company is being wound up, a floating charge on the undertaking or property of the company created within twelve months of the commencement of the winding up shall, unless it is proved that the company immediately after the creation of the charge was solvent, be invalid except to the amount of any cash paid to the company at the time of, or subsequently to the creation of, and in consideration for, the charge, together with surcharge on that amount at the rate of one per cent. per month or part thereof or such other rate as may be notified by the Authority in the official Gazette:

Provided that, in relation to a charge created more than six months before the commencement of this Ordinance; this section shall have effect as if for the reference therein to "twelve months", a reference to "six months" were substituted.

OFFENCES ANTECEDENT TO OR IN COURSE OF WINDING UP

412. Power of Court to assess damages against delinquent directors, etc.-- (1) If in the course of winding up a company it appears that any person who has taken part in the promotion or formation of the company, or any past or present director, liquidator or officer of the company--
(a) has misapplied or retained or become liable or accountable for any money or property of the company; or
(b) has been guilty of any misfeasance or breach of trust in relation to the company;

the Court may, on the application of the official liquidator or the liquidator or of any creditor or contributory, made within the time specified in that behalf m subsection (2), examine into the compact of the person. director, liquidator or officer aforesaid, and compel him to repay or restore the money or property or any part thereof respectively, with surcharge at such rate as the Court thinks just, or to contribute such sum to the assets of the company by way of compensation in respect of the misapplication, retainer, misfeasance or breach of trust as the Court thinks just.

(2) An application tinder subsection (1) shall be made within five years from the date of the order for winding up, or of the first appointment of the liquidator in the winding up, or of the misapplication, retainer, misfeasance or breach of trust, as the case may be, whichever is longer.

(3) This section shall apply notwithstanding that the matter is one for which the person concerned may be criminally liable.

413. Liability for fraudulent conduct of business.-- (1) If in the course of the winding up of a company it appears that any business of the company has been carried on with intent to defraud creditors of the company or any other person, or for any fraudulent purpose, the Court, on the application of the official liquidator or the liquidator or any creditor or contributory of the company, may, if it thinks fit, declare that any persons who were knowingly parties to the carrying on of the business in the manner aforesaid shall be personally responsible, without any limitation of liability, for all or any of the debts or other liabilities of the company as the, Court may direct.

(2) On the hearing of an application under subsection (1), the official liquidator or the liquidator, as the case may be, may himself give evidence or call witnesses.

(3) Where the Court makes any such declaration, it may give such further directions as it thinks proper for the purpose of giving effect to that declaration; and, in particular, may make provisions for making that liability of any such person under the declaration a charge on any debt or obligation due from the company to him, or on any mortgage or charge or any interest in any mortgage or charge on any assets of the company held by' or vested in him, or any company or person on his behalf. or any person claiming as assignee from or through the person liable or any company or person acting on his behalf. and may, from time to time, make such further order as may be necessary for the purpose of enforcing any charge imposed trader this subsection.

Explanation.-- For the purpose of this subsection, the expression "assignee," includes any person to whom or in whose favour, by the directions of the person liable. the debt. obligation, mortgage or charge was created. issued or transferred or the interest was created, but does not include an assignee for valuable consideration (not including consideration by way of marriage) given in good faith and without notice of any of the matters on the ground of which the declaration is made.

(4) Where any business of a company is carried on with such intent or for such purpose as is mentioned in subsection (1), every. person who was knowingly a party to the carrying on of the business in the manner aforesaid shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years; or with fine which may extend to twenty thousand rupees, or with both;

(5) This section shall apply, notwithstanding that the person concerned may be criminally liable in respect of the matters on the ground of which the declaration is to be made.

414. Liability under sections 412 and 413 to extend to partners or directors in firm or body corporate.-- Where an order under section 412 or a declaration under section 413 is or may be made in respect of a firm or body corporate, the Court shall also have power to pass an order under section 412 or make a declaration under section 413, as the case may be, in respect of any person who was at the relevant time a partner in that firm or a director of that body corporate.

415. Penalty for fraud by officers of companies which have gone into liquidation.-- If any person, being at the time of the commission of the alleged offence an officer of a company-which is subsequently ordered to be wound up by the Court or which subsequently passes a resolution for voluntary winding up--
(a) has, by false pretences or by means of any other. fraud, induced any person to give credit to the company, or
(b) with intent to defraud creditors of the company, has made or caused to be made any gift or transfer of or charge on, or has caused or connived at the levying of any execution against, the property of the company; or
(c) with intent to defraud creditors of the company, has concealed or removed any part of the property of the company since, or within two months before, the date of any unsatisfied judgment or order for payment of money obtained against the company;

he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, and shall also be liable to fine.

416. Liability where proper accounts not kept.-- (13) If. where a company is being wound up, it is shown that proper book's of account were not kept by the company throughout the period of two years immediately preceding the commencement of the winding up, or the period between the incorporation of the company and the commencement of the winding up, whichever is the shorter, every officer of the company who is knowingly and willfully in default shall, unless he shows that he acted honestly and that in the circumstances in which the business of the company was carried on the default was excusable, be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years or with fine which may extend to twenty thousand rupees or with both.

(2) For the purpose of subsection (1), proper books of account shall be deemed not to have been kept in the case of a company, if there have not been kept.--
(a) such books or accounts as are necessary to exhibit and explain the transactions and financial position of the trade or business of the company, including books containing entries from day to day in sufficient detail of all cash received and all cash paid; and
(b) where the trade or business has involved dealings in goods, statements of the annual stock takings and (except in the case of goods sold by way of ordinary retail trade) of all goods sold and purchased, showing the goods and the buyers and sellers thereof in sufficient detail to enable those goods and those buyers and sellers to be identified.

417. Penalty for falsification of books.--
If any director, manager, officer, auditor or contributory of any company being wound up destroys, mutilates, alters or falsities or fraudulently secretes any books, papers or securities, or makes or is privy to the making of any false or fraudulent entry in any register, books or paper belonging to the company with intent to defraud or deceive any person, he shall be liable to imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine which may extend to twenty thousand rupees or with both.

418. Prosecution of delinquent directors.-- (1) If it appears to the Court in the course of winding up by, or subject to the supervision of, the Court that any past or present director, or other officer, or any member, of the company has been guilty of any offence in relation to the company for which. he is criminally liable, the Court may, either on the application of any person interested in the winding up or of its own motion, direct the liquidator either himself to prosecute the offender or to refer the matter to the registrar.

(2) If it appears to the liquidator in the course of a voluntary winding up that any past or present Director, manager or other officer, or any member, of the company has been guilty of any offence in relation to the company for which he is criminally liable, he shall forthwith report he matter to the registrar and shall furnish to him such information and give to him such access to and facilities for inspecting and taking copies of any documents, being information or documents in the possession or under the control of the liquidator relating to the matter in question, as he may require.

(3) Where any report is made under subsection (1) or (2) to the registrar, he may, if he thinks fit, refer the matter to the Authority for further inquiry and the Authority may thereupon investigate the matter and may, if it thinks it expedient, appoint one or more competent inspectors to investigate the affairs of the company and to report thereon as if it were a case falling under clause (c) of section 263 and thereupon the provisions contained in sections 266 to 280 shall mutatis rnutandis apply in all respects.

(4) If an any report to the registrar under subsection (2). it appears to him that the case is not one in which proceedings ought to be taken by him, he shall inform the liquidator accordingly giving his reasons, and thereupon, subject to the previous sanction of the Court, the liquidator may himself take proceedings against the offender.

(5) If it appears to the Court in the course of a voluntary winding up that any past or present director, manager or other officer, or any member, of the company has been guilty as aforesaid. and that no report with respect to the matter has been made by the liquidator to the registrar, the Court may, on the application of any person interested in the winding up or of its own motion, direct the liquidator to make such a report and, on a report being made accordingly, the provisions of this section shall have effect as though the report has been made in pursuance of the provisions of subsection (1) or (2).

(6) If, where any matter is reported or referred to the registrar under this section, he considers that the case is one in which, a persecution ought to be instituted, he shall report the matter to the Authority, and the Authority may, after taking such legal advice as it thinks fit, direct the registrar or the prosecutor appointed under section 480 to institute proceedings:

Provided that no report shall be made by the registrar under this subsection without first giving the accused person an opportunity of making a statement in writing to the registrar and of being heard thereon.

(7) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Evidence Act, (I of 1872), when any proceedings are instituted under this section it shall be the duty, of the liquidator and of every officer and agent of the company past and present (other than the defendant in the proceedings) to give all assistance in connection with the prosecution which he is reasonably able to give, and for the purposes of this subsection the expression agent in relation to a company shall be deemed to include any banker or legal adviser of the company and any person employed by the company as auditor, whether that person is or is not an officer of the company.

(8) If any person fails or neglects to give assistance in manner required by sub section (7), the Court may, on the application of the registrar or the prosecutor, as the case may be, direct that person to comply with the requirements of the said subsection, and where any such application is made with respect to a liquidator, the Court may, unless it appears that the failure or neglect to comply was due to the liquidator not having in his hands sufficient assets of the company to enable him so to do, direct that the costs of the application shall be borne by the liquidator personally.

419. Penalty for false evidence.-- If any person, upon any examination upon oath authorised under this Ordinance, or in any affidavit, disposition or solemn affirmation, in or about the winding up of any company under this Ordinance, or otherwise in or about any matter arising under this Ordinance, intentionally gives false evidence, he shall be liable imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, and shall also be liable to fine.

420. Penal Provisions.-- (1) If any person, being a past or present director, chief executive, managing agent, manager, auditor or other officer of a company which at the time of the commission of the alleged offence, is being wound up; whether by or under the supervision of the Court or voluntarily or is subsequently ordered to be wound up by the Court or subsequently passes a resolution for voluntary winding up--

(a) does not to the best of his knowledge and belief fully and truly discover to the liquidator all the property., real and personal. of the company and how and to whom and for what consideration and when the company disposed of any part thereof. except such part as has been disposed of in the ordinary way of the business of the company; or
(b) does not deliver up to the liquidator, or as he directs, all such part of the real and personal property of the company as is in his custody or under his control, and which he is required by law to deliver up; or
(c) does not deliver up to the liquidator, or as he directs, all books and papers in his custody or trader his control belonging to the company which he is required by law to deliver up; or
(d) within twelve months next before the commencement of the winding up or at any time thereafter, conceals any part of the property of the company to the value of one hundred rupees or upwards or conceals any debt due to or from the company; or
(e) within twelve months next before the commencement of the winding up or at any time thereafter, fraudulently removes any part of the property of the company to the value of one hundred rupees or upward; or
(f) makes any material omission in any statement relating to the affairs of the company; or
(g) knowing or believing that a false debt has been proved by any person under the winding up, fails for the period of a month to reform the liquidator thereof; or
(h) after the commencement of the winding up, prevents the production of any books or papers affecting or relating to the property, or affairs of the company; or
(i) within twelve months next before the commencement of the winding up or at any time thereafter, conceals, destroys, mutilates or falsities, or is privy to the concealment. destruction mutilation or falsification of. any book or paper affecting or relating to the property or affairs of the company; or
(j) within twelve months next before the commencement of the winding up or at any time thereafter, makes or is privy to the making of any false entry in any book or paper affecting or relating to the property or affairs of the company; or
(k) within twelve months next before the commencement of the winding up or at any time thereafter, fraudulently - parts with, alters or makes any omission in or is privy to the fraudulent parting with. altering or making any omission in any document affecting or relating to the property or affairs of the company; or
(1) after the commencement of the winding up or at any meeting of the creditors of the company within twelve months next before the commencement of the winding up, attempts to account for any part of the property of the company by fictitious losses or expenses; or
(m) has within twelve months next before the commencement of the winding up or at any time thereafter, by any false representation or other fraud, obtained any property for or on behalf of the company on credit which the company does not subsequently pay for; or
(n) within twelve months next before the commencement of the winding up or at any time thereafter, under the false pretence that the company is carrying on its business, obtains on credit, for or on behalf of the company, any property which the company does not subsequently pay for; or
(o) within twelve months before the commencement of the winding up or at any time thereafter, pawns, pledges or disposes of any property of the company which has been obtained on credit and has not been paid for, unless such pawning, pledging or disposing is in the ordinary way of the business of the company; or
(p) is guilty of any false representation or other fraud for the purpose of obtaining the consent of the creditors of the company or any of them to an agreement with reference to the affairs of the company or to the winding up;
(q) he shall be punishable, in the case of the offences mentioned respectively in clauses (m), (n) and (o) of this subsection, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years, and, in the case of any other offence, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, and shall also be liable to a fine which may extend to twenty thousand rupees in each case:

Provided that it shall be a good defence, to a charge under any of clauses (b), (c), (d), (f), (n) and (o), if the accused proves that he had no intent to defraud, and to a charge under any of clauses (a), (h), (i) and (j), if he proves that he had no intent to conceal the state of affairs of the company or to defeat the law.

(2) Where any person pawns, pledges or disposes of any property in circumstances which amount to an offence under clause.(o) of subsection (1) every person who takes in pawn or pledge or otherwise receives the property knowing it to be pawned, pledged or disposed of in such a circumstances as aforesaid shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, and shall also be liable to a fine which may extend to twenty thousand rupees.

SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS AS TO WINDING UP

421. Liquidator to exercise certain powers subject to sanction.-- (1) The liquidator may, with the sanction of the Court when the company is being wound up by the Court or subject to the supervision of the Court, and with the sanction of a special resolution of the company in the case of a voluntary winding up, do the following things or any of them--
(i) pay any classes of creditors in full;
(ii) make any compromise or arrangement with creditors or persons claiming to be creditors or having or alleging themselves to have any claim, present or future, whereby the company may be rendered liable;
(iii) compromise any calls and liabilities to calls, debts, and liabilities capable of resulting in debts, and all claims, present or future, certain or contingent, subsisting or supposed to subsist between the company and a contributory or alleged contributory or other debtor or person apprehending liability to the company, and all questions in any way relating to or affecting the assets or liabilities or the winding up of the company, on such terms as may be agreed, and take any security for the discharge of any such calls, debt, liability or claim, and give a complete discharge in respect thereof.

(2) The exercise by the liquidator of the powers under subsection (1) shall be subject to the control of the Court, and any creditor or contributory, may apply to the Court with respect to any exercise or proposed exercise of any of these powers.

422. Meetings to ascertain wishes of creditors or contributories.-- (1) In all matters relating to the winding up of a company, the Court-
(a) shall have regard to the wishes of creditors or contributories of the company, as proved to it by any sufficient evidence;
(b) may, if it thinks fit for the purpose of ascertaining those wishes, direct meetings of the creditors or contributories to be called, held and conducted in such manner as the Court directs; and
(c) may appoint a person to act as chairman of any such meeting and to report the result thereof to the Court.

(2) When ascertaining the wishes of creditors, regard shall be had to the value of each creditor's debt.

(3) When ascertaining the wishes of contributories, regard shall be had to the number of votes which may be cast by each contributory.

423. Documents of company to be evidence.--
Where any company is being wound up, all books and papers of the company and of the liquidators, shall, as between the contributories of the company, be prima facie evidence of the truth of all matters purporting to be therein recorded.

424. Summary, disposal of certain suits by liquidators.-- Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (Act V of 1908), a liquidator desiring to recover any debt due to the company may apply to the Court in which the proceedings are pending that the same be determined summarily, and the Court may determine it on affidavits but when the Court deems it just and expedient, either on an application made to it in this behalf or of its own motion, it may set down any issue or issues for hearing on other evidence also and pass such orders for discovery of particulars as it may do in a suit.

425. Limitation.-- Notwithstanding anything contained in the Limitation Act (IX of 1908), in computing the time within which a liquidator may file a suit for the recovery of any debt due to the company, the period which elapses between the making of the petition for liquidation and the assumption oŁ charge by the liquidator, or a period of one year, whichever be greater, shall be excluded.

426. Court-fees.-- (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Court Fees Act (VII of 1870), or in the Code of Civil Procedure (Act V of 1908), where sufficient funds are not available with the liquidator and it is necessary to file a suit for the recovery of a debt due to the company, no court-fee stamp need be affixed on the plaint.

(2) If the liquidator succeeds in the suit, the Court shall calculate the amount of court-fee which would have been paid by the liquidator if he had not been permitted to sue under subsection (1), and such amount shall be recoverable by the Court from any party ordered by the decree to pay the same.

(3) Where the liquidator does not succeed, the court-fee shall be payable by him out of other assets, if any, whenever realized.

427. Inspection of documents.--
(1) After an order for a winding up by or subject to the supervision of the Court, the Court may make such order for inspection by creditors and contributories of the company of its documents as the Court thinks just, and any documents in the possession of the company may be inspected by creditors or contributories accordingly.

(2) The order as aforesaid may, in the case of a voluntary. winding up, be made by the Authority.

(3) Nothing in subsection (1) shall be taken as excluding or restricting any rights conferred by any law for the time being in force-
(a) on the Federal Government or a Provincial Government; or
(b) on the Authority or any officer thereof, or
(c) on any person acting under the authority of any such Government or the Authority or officer thereof, or
(d) on the registrar.

428. Disposal of books and papers of company.-- (1) Subject to any rules made under sub-section (3), when a company has been wound up and is about to be dissolved, the books and papers of the company and the liquidators may be disposed of as follows, that is to say:
(a) in the case of a winding up by or subject to the supervision of the Court, in such way as the Court directs;
(b) in the case of a members' voluntary winding up, in such way as the company by special resolution directs; and
(c) in the case of a creditors' voluntary winding up, in such way as the committee of inspection or, if them is no such committee, as the creditors of the company may direct.

(2) After the expiry of three years from the dissolution of the company, no responsibility shall rest on the company, or the liquidators, or any person to whom the custody of the books and papers has been committed, by reason of any book or paper not being forthcoming to any person claiming to be interested therein.

(3) The Federal Government, may by rules, prevent for such period (not exceeding three years from the dissolution of the company) as the Federal Government thinks proper, the destruction of' the books and papers of a company which has been wound up, and enable any creditor or con-tributary of the company to make representations to the Federal Government.

(4) If any person acts in contravention of any such rules or of any direction of the Federal Government thereunder, he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees.

429. Power of Court to declare dissolution of company void.-- (1) Where a company has been dissolved, the Court may at any time within two years of the date of the dissolution, on an application being made for the purpose by the liquidator of the company or by any other person who appears to the Court to be interested, make an order, upon such terms as the Court thinks fit, declaring the dissolution to have been void, and thereupon such proceedings may be taken as might have been taken if the company had not been dissolved.

(2) It shall be the duty of the person on whose application the order was made, within twenty-one days after the making of the order, to file with the registrar a certified copy of the order, and if that person fails so to do he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees for every day during which the default continues.

430. Information as to pending liquidations.-- (1) Where a company is being wound up, if the winding up is not concluded within one year after its commencement, the liquidator shall, once in each half year and at intervals of not more than six months, or such shorter period as may be prescribed, until the winding up is concluded, file in the Court or with the registrar, as the case may be, a statement in the prescribed form and containing the prescribed particulars with respect to the accounts, proceedings in and position of the liquidation alongwith the report of auditors.

(2) Any person stating himself in writing to be a creditor or contributory of the company shall be entitled, by himself or by his agent, at all reasonable times, on payment of the prescribed fee, to inspect the statement, and to receive a copy thereof or extract therefrom; but any person untruthfully so stating himself to be a creditor or contributory shall be deemed to be guilty of an offence under section 182 of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860 (Act XLV of 1860), and shall be punishable accordingly on the application of the liquidator.

(3) When the statement is filed in the Court a copy shall simultaneously be filed by the liquidator with the registrar and shall be kept by him along with the other records of the company.

(4) If a liquidator fails to comply with the requirements of this section, he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees and, in the case of a continuing failure, to a further fine which may extend to one hundred rupees for every day after the first during which the default continues.

431. Payments by liquidator into bank..--
(1) Every liquidator of a company shall in such manner as may be prescribed, pay and keep all moneys received by him or which become available with him or come under his control in his capacity as such in a special account opened by him in that behalf in a scheduled bank in the name of the company.

(2) If any such liquidator at any time retains or allows any money to be not so paid and kept as aforesaid or utilises otherwise for more than three days a sum exceeding five hundred rupees or such other amount as the Court may on the application of the liquidator authorise him to retain, then he shall pay surcharge on the amount so retained at the rate of two per cent. per month or part thereof and shall be liable to (a) disallowance of all or such part of his remuneration as the Court may think just; (b) to make good any loss suffered by the company personally and (c) be removed from the office by the Court of its own motion or on application of the registrar or a creditor or contributory of the company and shall also be liable personally for any loss occasioned be the default.

(3) No liquidator shall pay into his personal account or any account other than the liquidation account of the particular company in liquidation any sums received by him as liquidator.

(4) Every, liquidator who makes default in complying with the provisions of this section shall, in addition to his other liabilities, be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months and with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees.

432. Unclaimed dividends and undistributed assets to be paid to Companies Liquidation Account.-- (1) Where any company is being wound up, if the liquidator has in his hands or under his control any money of the company representing unclaimed dividends payable to any creditor or undistributed assets refundable to any contributory which' have remained unclaimed or undistributed for six months after the date on which they became payable or refundable, the liquidator shall forthwith pay the said money into the State Bank of Pakistan to the credit of the Federal Government in an account to be called the Companies Liquidation Account, and the liquidator shall, on the dissolution of the company, similarly pay into the said account any money representing unclaimed dividends or undistributed assets in his hands at the date of dissolution.

(2) The liquidator shall when making any payment referred to in subsection (1) furnish to the registrar or such other officer as the Federal Government may appoint in this behalf a statement in the prescribed form setting forth in respect of all sums included in such payment the nature of the sums. the names and last known addresses of the persons entitled to participate therein, the amount to which each is entitled and the nature of his claim thereto, and such other particulars as may be prescribed, alongwith the official receipt of the State Bank of Pakistan.

(3) The receipt of the State Bank of Pakistan for any money paid to it under subsection (1) shall be an effectual discharge of the liquidator in respect thereof.

(4) The liquidator shall make the payments referred to in subsection (1) by transfer from his special banking account referred to in section 431.

(5) The liquidator shall, when filing a statement in pursuance of subsection (1) of section 430 indicate the sum of money which is payable to the State Bank of Pakistan under subsection (1) which he has had in his hands or under his control during the six months preceding the date to which the said statement is brought down, and shall within fourteen days of the date of filing the said statement, pay that sum into the Companies Liquidation Account.

(6) Any person claiming to be entitled to any money paid into the Companies Liquidation Account in pursuance of this section may apply to the registrar for payrnent thereof, and the registrar, if satisfied that the person claiming is entitled, may after obtaining approval of the Authority, make the payment to that person of the sum due:
Provided that no claim under this sub section shall be entertained after a period of fifteen years from the date of deposit of the amount in the State Bank of Pakistan.

(7) Notwithstanding anything contained in any previous Companies Act, any money paid into the Companies Liquidation Account in pursuance of this section which remains unclaimed thereafter for a period of fifteen years, shall be transferred to the general revenue account of the Federal Government.

(8) Any liquidator retaining any money which should have been paid by him into the Companies Liquidation Account under this section shall, in addition to such money, pay surcharge on the amount retained at the rate of two per cent. per months or part thereof and shall also be liable to pay any expenses or losses occasioned by reason of his default and he shall also be liable to disallowance of all or such part of his remuneration as the Court may think just and to be removed from his office by the Court on an application by the registrar.

433. Books of accounts and other proceedings to be kept by liquidators.--
(1) Every liquidator shall maintain at the registered office proper books of accounts in the manner required in the case of companies under section 230 and the provisions of that section shall apply mutatis mutandis to companies being wound up.

(2) Every liquidator shall also keep at the registered office proper books and papers in the manner required under section 336.

(3) Any creditor or contributory may, subject to the control of the Court, inspect any books and papers kept by the liquidator under subsections (1) and (2).

(4) The Federal Government may alter or add to any requirements of this section by a general or special order in which case the provisions so altered or added shall apply.

(5) If any liquidator contravenes any provisions of this section, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year and with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees.

434. Application of provisions relating to audit.-- The provisions of this Ordinance relating to audit of accounts, rights, powers, duties, liabilities and report of auditors of companies and the duties of companies and their officers as applicable to companies shall apply mutatis mutandis to companies being wound up, books of account and books and papers kept by the liquidator and his statements of accounts subject as follows--
(a) all references therein to officers of the company shall include references to the liquidator.
(b) the appointment of auditor shall be made by the Court, members or creditors, as the case may be, who appointed the liquidator, who shall also fix his remuneration which shall be paid by the liquidator from the funds of the company:
Provided that if no appointment of auditor is made by the members or creditors, as the case may be, the liquidator shall apply to the Authority who shall make the appointment and fix his remuneration.

435. Enforcement of duty of liquidator to make return, etc.-- (1) If any liquidator who has made any default in complying with any provision of this Ordinance or committed any other irregularity in the performance of his duties fails to make good the default or undo the irregularity, as the case may be, within thirty days after the service on him of a notice requiring him to do so, the Court may of its own motion or on an application made to it by any contributory or creditor of the company or by the registrar, make an order directing the liquidator and any other person involved to make good the default or undo the irregularity or otherwise make amends, as the circumstances may require, within such time as may be specified in the order:

Provided that, where an application under this section is made by the registrar, the Court shall dispose of the same within fourteen days of the submission thereof.

(2) Any such order may provide that all costs of, and incidental to, the application shall be borne by the liquidator.

(3) Nothing in this section shall be taken to prejudice the operation of any enactment imposing penalty on a liquidator in respect of any such default or irregularity as aforesaid.

436. Notification that a company is in liquidation.-- (1) Where a company is being wound up, whether by or under the supervision of the Court or voluntarily, every advertisement, notice, invoice, order for goods, business letter or other communication or document issued by or on behalf of the company or a liquidator of the company, or a receiver or manager of the property of the company, being a document on or in which the name of the company appears, shall contain a statement that the company is being wound up and about the mode of its winding up.

(2) If default is made in complying with this section, the company and any of the following persons who knowingly and wilfully authorises or permits the default, namely, any officer of the company, any liquidator of the company and any receiver or manager, shall be liable to fine which may extend to two thousand rupees.

437. Court or person before whom affidavit may be sworn.-- (1) Any affidavit required to be sworn trader the provisions or for the purposes of this Part may be sworn-
(a) in Pakistan, before any Court, Judge, or person lawfully authorised to take and receive affidavits; and
(b) elsewhere before a Pakistan Consul or Vice-Consul.

(2) All Courts, Judges, Justices, Commissioners, and persons acting judicially in Pakistan shall take judicial notice of the seal or stamp or signature, as the case may be, of any such Court, Judge, person, Consul or Vice-Consul, attached, appended or subscribed to any such affidavit or to any other document to be used for the purposes of this Part.

COURT RULES

438. Power to make rules.-- (1) The Supreme Court may, in consultation with the High Courts or, where the Supreme Court advises the Federal Government to do so, the Federal Government may in consultation with the High Courts, from time to time, make rules, consistent with this Ordinance, concerning the mode of proceedings to be had for winding up a company in a High Court and in the Courts subordinate thereto, and for voluntary. winding up (both members and creditors), for the holding of meetings of creditors and members in connection with proceedings under section 284 of this Ordinance, and for giving effect to the provisions as to the reduction of the capital and the scheme of reorganisation of a company and generally for all applications to be made to the Court and all other proceedings or matters coming within the purview or powers or duties of the Court under the provisions of this Ordinance and shall make rules providing for all matters relating to the winding up of companies which, by this Ordinance, are to be prescribed.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing powers, such rules may enable or require all or any of the powers and duties conferred and imposed on the Court by this Ordinance in respect of the matters following, to be exercised or performed by the official liquidator, and subject to the control of the Court, that is to say, the powers and duties of the Court in respect of--

(a) holding and conducting meetings to ascertain the wishes of creditors and contributories;
(b) settling lists of contributories and rectifying the register of members where required, and collecting and applying the assets;
(c) requiring delivery of property or documents to the liquidator;
(d) making calls;
(e) fixing a time within which debts and claims must be proved:

Provided that the official liquidator shall not, without the special leave of the Court, rectify. the register of members, and shall not make any call without the special leave of the Court.

REMOVAL OF DEFUNCT COMPANIES FROM REGISTER

439. Registrar may strike defunct company off register.-- (1) Where the registrar has reasonable cause to believe that a company is not carrying on business or is not in operation, he may send to the company by post a letter inquiring whether the company is carrying on business or is in operation.

(2) If the registrar does not within one month c f sending the letter receive any answer thereto, he may within thirty days after the expiration of the month send to the company by post a registered letter referring to the first letter, and stating that no answer thereto has been received and that, if an answer is not received to the second letter within one month from the date thereof, a notice will be published in the official Gazette with a view to striking the name of the company off the register.

(3) If the registrar either receives an answer from tire company to the effect that it is not carrying on business or is not in operation, or does not within one month after sending the second letter receive any answer, he may publish in the official Gazette, and send to the company by post a notice that, at the expiration of three months from the date of that notice, the name of the company mentioned therein will, unless cause is shown to the contrary, be struck off the register and the company will be dissolved.

(4) Without prejudice to any other provisions, if. in any case where a company is being wound up, the registrar has reasonable cause to believe either that no liquidator is acting or that the affairs of the company are fully wound up, and the returns required to be made by the liquidator have not been made for a period of three consecutive months after notice by the registrar demanding the returns has been sent by post to the company, or to the liquidator at his last known place of business, the registrar may publish in the official Gazette and send to the company a like notice as is provided in the last preceding subsection.

(5) At the expiration of the time mentioned in the notice the registrar may, unless cause to the contrary is previously shown by the company, strike its name off the register, and shall publish notice thereof in the official Gazette, and, on. the publication in the official Gazette of this notice, the company shall be dissolved:

Provided that the liability criminal, civil or otherwise (if any) of every director, officer, liquidator and member of the company shall continue and may be enforced as if the company had not been dissolved:

Provided further that nothing in this section shall affect the powers of the Court to wind up a company the name of which has been struck off the register.

(6) If a company or any member or creditor thereof feels aggrieved by the company having been struck off the register, the Court. on the application of the company or a member or creditor made before the expiry of three years from the publication in the official Gazette of the notice aforesaid, may, if satisfied that the company was at the time of the striking off carrying on business or in operation, or otherwise that it is just that the company be restored to the register, order the name of the company to be restored to the register and, upon the filing of a certified copy of such order with the registrar, the company shall be deemed to have continued in existence as if its name had not been struck off, and the Court may by the order give such directions and make such provisions as seem just for placing the company and all other persons in the same position as nearly as may be as if the name of the company had not been struck off.

(7) A letter or notice under this section may be addressed to the company at its registered office, or if no office has been registered, to the care of some director, chief executive or other officer of the company whose name and address are known to the registrar or if no such address is known to the registrar, may be sent to each of the persons who subscribed the memorandum addressed to him at the address mentioned in the memorandum.

(8) The provisions of this section shall not apply to a company which has any known assets and liabilities, and such company shall be proceeded against for winding up.

(9) If due to inadvertence or otherwise the name of any company which has any assets and liabilities or which has been in operation or carrying on business or about whose affairs any enquiry or investigation may be necessary has been struck off the register, the registrar may, after such enquiries as he may deem fit, move the Authority to have the name of the company restored to the register and thereupon the Authority, may, if satisfied that it would be just and proper so to do, order the name of the company to be restored in the manner provided in subsection (6).

(10) The provisions of this section shall mutatis mutandis apply to a company established outside Pakistan but having a place of business in Pakistan as they apply to a company registered in Pakistan.


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